Unit 142 Phrasal Verbs 9 | away/back

 구(句)동사  9


  • Compare away and back:
    away = away from home
    • We’re going away on a trip today.
    back = back home
    • We’ll be back in three weeks.
    away = away from a place, a person, etc. back = back to a place, a person, etc.
    • The woman got into her car and drove away.
    • A:  I’m going out now.
      B:  What time will you be back?
    • I tried to take a picture of the bird, but it flew away.
    • After eating at a restaurant, we walked back to our hotel.
    • I dropped the ticket and it blew away in the wind.
    • I’ve still got Jane’s keys. I forgot to give them back to her.
    • The police searched the house and took away a computer.
    • When you’re finished with that book, can you put it back on the shelf?
    In the same way you can say:
       walk away, run away, look away, etc.
    In the same way you can say:
       go back, come back, get back, take something back, etc.

  B     Other verbs + away

  • get away = escape, leave with difficulty
    • We tried to catch the thief, but he managed to get away.
    get away with something = do something wrong without being caught
    • I parked in a no-parking zone, but I got away with it.
    keep away (from . . .) = don’t go near
    • Keep away from the edge of the pool. You might fall in.
    give something away = give it to somebody else because you don’t want it any more
    • “Did you sell your old computer?”  “No, I gave it away.”
    put something away = put it in the place where it is kept, usually out of sight
    • When the children had finished playing with their toys, they put them away.
    throw something away = put it in the garbage
    • I kept the letter, but I threw away the envelope.

  C     Other verbs + back

  • wave back / smile back / shout back / write back / hit somebody back
    • I waved to her and she waved back.
    call/phone (somebody) back = return a phone call
    • I can’t talk to you now. I’ll call you back in 10 minutes.
    get back to somebody = reply to them by phone, etc.
    • I sent him an e-mail, but he never got back to me.
    look back (on something) = think about what happened in the past
    • My first job was at a travel agency. I didn’t like it very much at the time but, looking back on it, I learned a lot, and it was a very useful experience.
    pay back money, pay somebody back
    • If you borrow money, you have to pay it back.
    • Thanks for lending me the money. I’ll pay you back next week.

 § Units 126-133, 135-142(3rd Ed. 추가분)은 설명없이 책의 내용을 그대로 옮겼습니다. – 國伊

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