Unit 139 Phrasal Verbs 6 | up/down
- Compare up / down:
put something up (on a wall, etc.)
- I put some pictures up on the wall.
take something down (from a wall, etc.)
- I didn’t like the picture, so I took it down.
pick something up
- There was a letter on the floor. I picked it up and looked at it.
put something down
- I stopped writing and put down my pen.
- Alan stood up and walked out.
sit down / bend down / lie down
- I bent down to tie my shoes.
turn something up
- I can’t hear the TV. Can you turn it up a little?
turn something down
- The oven is too hot. Turn it down to 325 degrees.
B Tear down, cut down, etc.
tear down a building / cut down a tree / blow something down
- Some old houses were torn down to make room for the new shopping mall.
- A: Why did you cut down the tree in your yard?
B: I didn’t. It was blown down in the storm last week.
burn down = be destroyed by fire
- They were able to put out the fire before the house burned down.
C Down = becoming or having less
slow down = go more slowly
- You’re driving too fast. Slow down.
calm somebody down = become calmer, make somebody calmer
- Calm down. There’s no point in getting mad.
cut down (on something) = eat, drink, or do something less often
- I’m trying to cut down on coffee. I drink too much of it.
D Other verbs + down
break down = stop working (for machines, cars)
- The car broke down and I had to call for help.
Also discussions, talks, etc. can break down (= fail)
- Talks between the two groups broke down without a solution being reached.
(= the talks failed)
close down = stop doing business
- There used to be a shop on this street; it closed down a few years ago.
let somebody down = disappoint somebody because you didn’t do what they hoped
- You can always rely on Pete. He’ll never let you down.
turn somebody/something down = refuse an application, an offer, etc.
- I applied for several jobs, but I was turned down for all of them.
- Rachel was offered the job, but she decided to turn it down.
write something down = write something on paper because you may need the information later
- I can’t remember Tim’s address. I wrote it down, but I can’t find it.
§ Units 126-133, 135-142(3rd Ed. 추가분)은 설명없이 책의 내용을 그대로 옮겼습니다. – 國伊
이 저작물은 크리에이티브 커먼즈 저작자표시-비영리-변경금지 4.0 국제 라이선스에 따라 이용할 수 있습니다.