Unit 137 Phrasal Verbs 4 | on/off (1)

 구(句)동사  4

  A     on and off for lights, machines, etc.

  • We say:  The light is on / put the light on / leave the light on, etc.
                   turn the light on/off   or   shut the light off
    • Should I leave the lights on or turn them off?
    • Is the heat on?”  “No, I shut it off.”
    • Who left the computer on?
    Also put on some music / a CD / a DVD, etc.
    • “What’s this CD like?”  “It’s great. Should I put it on?”

  B     on and off for events, etc.

  • go on = happen
    • What’s all that noise? What’s going on? (= what’s happening)
    call something off = cancel it
    • The open air concert had to be called off because of the weather.
    put something off, put off doing something = delay it
    • The wedding has been put off until January.
    • We can’t put off making a decision. We have to decide now.

  C     on and off for clothes, etc.

  • put on clothes, glasses, makeup, a seat belt, etc.
    • My hands were cold, so I put my gloves on.
    Also put on weight = get heavier
    • I’ve put on five pounds in the last month.
    try on clothes (to see if they fit)
    • I tried on a jacket in the store, but it didn’t fit me very well.
    have something on = be wearing (clothes, jewelery, perfume, etc.)
    • I like the perfume you had on yesterday.
    take off clothes, glasses, etc.
    • It was warm, so I took off my jacket.

  D     off = away from a person or place

  • be off (to a place)
    • Tomorrow I’m off to Paris / I’m off to the store. (= I’m going to Paris / I’m going shopping)
    walk off / run off / drive off / ride off / go off (similar to walk away / run away, etc.)
    • Diane got on her bike and rode off.
    • Mark left home at the age of 18 and went off to Canada.
    take off = leave the ground (for planes)
    • After a long delay the plane finally took off.
    see somebody off = go with them to the airport/station to say goodbye
    • Helen was going away. We went to the station with her to see her off.

 § Units 126-133, 135-142(3rd Ed. 추가분)은 설명없이 책의 내용을 그대로 옮겼습니다. – 國伊

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