Unit 137 Phrasal Verbs 4 | on/off (1)
A on and off for lights, machines, etc.
We say: The light is on / put the light on / leave the light on, etc.
turn the light on/off or shut the light off
- Should I leave the lights on or turn them off?
- “Is the heat on?” “No, I shut it off.”
- Who left the computer on?
Also put on some music / a CD / a DVD, etc.
- “What’s this CD like?” “It’s great. Should I put it on?”
B on and off for events, etc.
go on = happen
- What’s all that noise? What’s going on? (= what’s happening)
call something off = cancel it
- The open air concert had to be called off because of the weather.
put something off, put off doing something = delay it
- The wedding has been put off until January.
- We can’t put off making a decision. We have to decide now.
C on and off for clothes, etc.
put on clothes, glasses, makeup, a seat belt, etc.
- My hands were cold, so I put my gloves on.
Also put on weight = get heavier
- I’ve put on five pounds in the last month.
try on clothes (to see if they fit)
- I tried on a jacket in the store, but it didn’t fit me very well.
have something on = be wearing (clothes, jewelery, perfume, etc.)
- I like the perfume you had on yesterday.
take off clothes, glasses, etc.
- It was warm, so I took off my jacket.
D off = away from a person or place
be off (to a place)
- Tomorrow I’m off to Paris / I’m off to the store. (= I’m going to Paris / I’m going shopping)
walk off / run off / drive off / ride off / go off (similar to walk away / run away, etc.)
- Diane got on her bike and rode off.
- Mark left home at the age of 18 and went off to Canada.
take off = leave the ground (for planes)
- After a long delay the plane finally took off.
see somebody off = go with them to the airport/station to say goodbye
- Helen was going away. We went to the station with her to see her off.
§ Units 126-133, 135-142(3rd Ed. 추가분)은 설명없이 책의 내용을 그대로 옮겼습니다. – 國伊
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