Unit 134 Phrasal Verbs 1 Introduction

 구(句)동사  1

  A

  • 동사와 같이 구동사¹(phrasal verb)를 만드는 단어들:
    in
    out
    on
    off
    up
    down
    away
    back
    around
    through
    about
    along
    over
    forward
    by
     
  • look out / get on / take off / run away 등이 구동사(phrasal verb)입니다.
    on/off/out 등을 동작을 나타내는 동사와 많이 사용합니다.
    get on
    • The bus was full. We couldn’t get on.
    drive off
    • A woman got into the car and drove off.
    come back
    • Sally is leaving tomorrow and coming back on Saturday.
    turn around
    • When I touched him on the shoulder, he turned around.
  • 동사와 함께 사용하는 단어(on/off/out, etc.)로 특별한 의미를 갖는 동사가 많습니다.
    break down
    • Sorry I’m late. The car broke down. (= the car stopped working)
    take off
    • It was my first flight. I was nervous as the plane took off. (= went into the air)
    run out
    • We don’t have any more milk. We ran out. (= used it all)
    get along
    • My brother and I get along well. (= are friendly with each other)
    get by
    • My French isn’t very good, but it’s enough to get by. (= to manage)
  • 구동사의 예는 Units 135-142 참조.

 § ¹ 이어(二語)동사라고 부르기도 하는 구동사는 ‘동사 + 부사/전치사’ 형태이며 ‘구동사 + 전치사’ 형태도 있습니다.
 § 동사에 따라서 자동사와 타동사의 의미가 다른 것도 있습니다.
  - The engine cut out and the car stopped.
  - I cut the picture out of the magazine.

  B

  • 구동사 + 전치사(preposition) 구조:
    Phrasal Verb Preposition  
    run away from
    • Why did you run away from me?
    keep up with
    • You’re walking too fast. I can’t keep up with you.
    look up at
    • We looked up at the plane as it flew above us.
    look forward to
    • Are you looking forward to the weekend?
    get along with
    • Do you get along with your boss?

  C

  • 목적어를 취하는 구동사의 경우 두가지 형태가 가능합니다.
    I turned on
     
    the light.
      object
    or
     
    I turned
     
    the light on.
      object
  • 목적어가 대명사(it/them/me/him, etc.)인 경우에는 한가지 형태로만 사용합니다.²
               I turned it on. (not I turned on it)
    예:
    • Could you fill out this form? / fill this form out?
  • but They gave me a form and told me to fill it out. (not fill out it)
    • Don’t throw away this post card. / throw this post card away.
  • but I want to keep this postcard, so don’t throw it away. (not throw away it)
    • I’m going to take off my shoes. / take my shoes off.
  • but These shoes are uncomfortable. I’m goint to take them off. (not take off them)
    • Don’t wake up the baby. / wake the baby up.
  • but The baby is asleep. Don’t wake her up. (not wake up her)

 § ² 목적어가 반드시 동사와 부사의 사이에 놓이는 경우도 있습니다.
  - I just couldn’t tell the twins apart. (not . . . tell apart the twins)
  catch out, hear out, order about, pull to, push to, shut up, stand up 등이 이와 같은 구동사입니다.
 § 목적어가 길어지게 되면 ‘동사 + 부사 + 목적어’의 형태로 사용합니다.
  - I had to clean the kitchen up. (or clean up the kitchen.) but I had to clean up the mess in the kitchen.


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