Unit 129 Verb + Preposition 1 | to and at
동사 + 전치사 1
A Verb + to
talk / speak TO (somebody) (with is also possible but less common)
- Who was that man you were talking to?
listen TO . . .
- We spent the evening listening to music. (not listening music)
apologize TO somebody (for . . .)
- They apologized to me for what happened. (not They apologized me)
explain something TO somebody
- Can you explain this word to me? (not explain me this word)
explain / describe (to somebody) what/how/why . . .
- I explained to them why I was worried. (not I explained them)
- Let me describe to you what I saw. (not Let me describe you)
- We do not use to with these verbs:
call / phone / telephone somebody
- Did you call your father yesterday? (not call to your father)
- He refused to answer my question. (not answer to my question)
- Can I ask you a question? (not ask to you)
thank somebody (for something)
- He thanked me for helping him. (not He thanked to me)
C Verb + at
look / stare / glance AT . . . , have a look / take a look AT . . .
- Why are you looking at me like that?
laugh AT . . .
- I look stupid with this haircut. Everybody will laugh at me.
aim / point (something) AT . . . , shoot / fire (a gun) AT . . .
- Don’t point that knife at me. It’s dangerous.
- We saw someone with a gun shooting at birds, but he didn’t hit any.
- Some verbs can be followed by at or to, with a difference in meaning. For example:
shout AT somebody (when you are angry)
- She got very angry and started shouting at me.
shout TO somebody (so that they can hear you)
- She shouted to me from the other side of the street.
throw something AT somebody/something (in order to hit them)
- Somebody threw an egg at the politician.
throw something TO somebody (for somebody to catch)
- Julie shouted "Catch!" and threw the keys to me from the window.
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