Unit 124 In/at/on (Other Uses)

  A     Expressions with in

  • in the rain / in the sun (= sunshine) / in the shade / in the dark / in bad weather, etc. = (공간·환경) …속에(서), …속을:
    • We sat in the shade. It was too hot to sit in the sun.
    • Don’t go out in the rain. Wait until it stops.
  • (write) in ink / in pen / in pencil = (도구) …로, …을 사용하여:
    • When you take the exam, you’re not allowed to write in pencil.
  • 또한, (write) in words / in numbers, in capital letters = (방법·양식) …로, …을 사용하여:
    • Please fill out the form in capital letters.
    • Write the story in your own words. (= don’t copy somebody else)
  • (be/fall) in love (with somebody)
    • Have you ever been in love with anybody?
  • in (my) opinion = (내) 생각에는, (내)가 보기에는:
    • In my opinion, the movie wasn’t very good.

  B     At the age of . . . , etc.

  • We are now flying at a speed of 500 miles per hour at an altitude of 30,000 feet.
    우리 비행기는 지금 500 mph 의 속도로 3만피트 상공을 날고 있습니다.
  • at the age of 16 / at 120 miles an hour / at 100 degrees, etc. = (때·나이·도수·비례 등) …로, …에:
    • Tracy left school at 16or  . . . at the age of 16.
    • The train was traveling at 120 miles an hour.
    • Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.

  C     On vacation / on a tour, etc

  • (be/go) on vacation / on business / on a trip / on a tour / on a cruise, etc. = (목적·용무) …로, …중:
    • I’m going on vacation next week.
    • Emma’s away on business at this time.
    • One day I’d like to go on a world tour.
  • “go to a place for vacation” = (목적·의향) …을 위해, …을 목표로:
    • Steve has gone to France for vacation.

  D     Other expressions with on

  • on television / on the radio
    • I didn’t watch the news on television, but I heard it on the radio.
  • on the phone/telephone
    • I’ve never met her, but I’ve spoken to her on the phone a few times.
  • (be/go) on strike
    • There are no trains today. The railroad workers are on strike.
  • (be/go) on a diet
    • I’ve put on a lot of weight. I’ll have to go on a diet.
  • (be) on fire
    • Look! That car is on fire!
  • on the whole = in general, 대체로, 일반적으로:
    • Sometimes I have problems at work, but on the whole I enjoy my job.
  • on purpose = intentionally, 고의적으로:
    • I’m sorry. I didn’t mean to annoy you. I didn’t do it on purpose.

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