Unit 116 For, during, and while

  A     For and during

  • for + 기간 = 얼마나 오래 「…동안」 계속되는지 표현:
        for two hours    for a week    for ages
    • We watched television for two hours last night.
    • Diane is going away for a week in September.
    • Where have you been? I’ve been waiting for ages.
    • Are you going away for the weekend?
  • during + 명사 = 언제 「…동안」 일어 나는지 표현 (not how long):
        during the movie    during our vacation    during the night
    • I fell asleep during the movie.
    • We met some really nice people during our vacation.
    • The ground is wet. It must have rained during the night.
  • 시간을 나타내는 단어(the morning / the afternoon / the summer, etc.)는 in 이나 during 을 주로 사용합니다.
    • It must have rained in the night. (or during the night)
    • I’ll call you sometime during the afternoon. (or in the afternoon)
  • 얼마나 오래의 기간을 나타내는 경우에는 during 을 사용할 수 없습니다.
    • It rained for three days without stopping. (not during three days)
  • duringfor 의 비교:
    • I fell asleep during the movie. I was asleep for half an hour.

  B     During and while

  • during + 명사: while + 주어 + 동사:
    • I fell asleep during  the movie .
    • I fell asleep while  I   was watching  TV.
    • We met a lot of interesting people during our vacation.
    • We met a lot of interesting people while we were on vacation.
    • Robert suddenly began to feel sick during the exam.
    • Robert suddenly began to feel sick while he was taking the exam.
  • while 의 용례:
    • We saw Claire while we were waiting for the bus.
    • While you were out, there was a phone call for you.
    • Chris read a book while I watched TV.
  • while 다음에는 현재형 (not will)으로 미래를 나타냅니다.
    • I’ll be in Toronto next week. I hope to see Tom while I’m there. (not while I will be there)
    • What are you going to do while you are waiting? (not while you will be waiting)
  • Unit 24 참조.

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