Unit 116 For, during, and while
A For and during
- for + 기간 = 얼마나 오래 「…동안」 계속되는지 표현:
for two hours for a week for ages
- We watched television for two hours last night.
- Diane is going away for a week in September.
- Where have you been? I’ve been waiting for ages.
- Are you going away for the weekend?
- during + 명사 = 언제 「…동안」 일어 나는지 표현 (not how long):
during the movie during our vacation during the night
- I fell asleep during the movie.
- We met some really nice people during our vacation.
- The ground is wet. It must have rained during the night.
- 시간을 나타내는 단어(the morning / the afternoon / the summer, etc.)는 in 이나 during 을 주로 사용합니다.
- It must have rained in the night. (or during the night)
- I’ll call you sometime during the afternoon. (or in the afternoon)
- 얼마나 오래의 기간을 나타내는 경우에는 during 을 사용할 수 없습니다.
- It rained for three days without stopping. (not during three days)
- during 과 for 의 비교:
- I fell asleep during the movie. I was asleep for half an hour.
B During and while
during + 명사: while + 주어 + 동사:
- I fell asleep during the movie .
- I fell asleep while I was watching TV.
- We met a lot of interesting people during our vacation.
- We met a lot of interesting people while we were on vacation.
- Robert suddenly began to feel sick during the exam.
- Robert suddenly began to feel sick while he was taking the exam.
- while 의 용례:
- We saw Claire while we were waiting for the bus.
- While you were out, there was a phone call for you.
- Chris read a book while I watched TV.
- while 다음에는 현재형 (not will)으로 미래를 나타냅니다.
- I’ll be in Toronto next week. I hope to see Tom while I’m there. (not while I will be there)
- What are you going to do while you are waiting? (not while you will be waiting)
- Unit 24 참조.
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