Unit 115 Like / as if / as though

  A

  • like 로 어떤 사람이나 어떤 것이 어떻게 look/sound/feel 하는지 (보이는지/들리는지/느끼는지) 표현합니다.
    • That house looks like it’s going to fall down.
    • Helen sounded like she had a cold, didn’t she?
    • I’ve just come back from vacation, but I feel very tired. I don’t feel like I just had a vacation.
  • 위의 예문에서 as if / as thoughlike 대신 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • That house looks as if it’s going to fall down.
    • I don’t feel as though I just had a vacation.
  • 구어체에서 like 를 많이 사용합니다.
    비교:
    • You look tired. (look + 형용사)
    • You look like [or as if] you didn’t sleep last night.
      (look like / as if + 주어 + 동사)

  B

  • It looks like . . . / It sounds like . . . = 마치 …인 것처럼 보이다/들리다:
    • Sandra is very late, isn’t she? It looks like she isn’t coming.
    • We took an umbrella because it looked like it was going to rain.
    • Do you hear that music next door? It sounds like they’re having a party.
  • like 대신에 as if / as though 를 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • It looks as if she isn’t coming.
    • It looks as though she isn’t coming.

  C

  • 다른 동사 + like / as if / as though = 「마치 …하듯이」의 의미로 (누군가가) 어떻게 하는지 표현합니다.
    • He ran like he was running for his life.
    • After the interruption, the speaker went on talking as if nothing had happened.
    • When I told them my plan, they looked at me as though I was crazy.

  D

  • as if 다음에 과거형을 사용해서 현재를 표현합니다. 예:
    • I don’t like Tim. He talks as if he knew everything.
  • 위의 문장은 과거가 아닌 현재의 의미입니다. 실제가 아닌 것이기 때문에 과거형(as if he knew)을 사용합니다. Tim 이 모든 것을 다 아는 것이 아닙니다. ifwish 를 사용하는 문장에서 과거형을 사용하는 경우와 같습니다. (Unit 37 참조)
    • She’s always asking me to do things for her – as if I didn’t have enough to do already. (I do have enough to do.)
    • Garry’s only 40. Why do you talk about him as if he was an old man? (He isn’t an old man.)
  • be 동사는 가정법 과거에서 were 로 사용하는 것과 마찬가지로 as if 다음에도 was 대신에 were 를 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • Why do you talk about him as if he were (or was) an old man?
    • They treat me as if I were (or was) their own son. (I’m not their son.)

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