Unit 113 As (= at the same time) and as (= because)

  A     As = at the same time as

  • 두가지 일이 동시에 일어나는 경우 as 를 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • We all waved good-bye to Liz as she drove away. (we waved and she drove away at the same time)
    • I watched her as she opened the letter.
    • As I walked along the street, I looked in the store windows.
    • Can you turn off the light as you go out, please?
  • 어떤 것을 하고 있는 도중에 (as you were doing) 다른 일이 일어난 경우에도 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • Jill slipped as she was getting off the bus.
    • We met Paul as we were leaving the hotel.
  • 과거진행형 (was getting / were going, etc.)에 대해서는 Unit 6 참조.
    just as = exactly at that moment = 바로 그때에:
    • Just as I sat down, the phone rang.
    • I had to leave just as the conversation was getting interesting.
  • 오랜 시간에 걸쳐서 두가지의 일이 동시에 변하는 경우에도 as 를 사용합니다.
    • As the day went on, the weather got worse.
    • I began to enjoy the job more as I got used to it.
  • the day went on” 과 “the weather got worse” 이 오랜 시간에 걸쳐 동시에 점차 변하고 있습니다.
    aswhen 의 비교:
    as = 두 사건이 동시에 일어나는 경우 when = 두 사건이 순차적으로 일어나는 경우
    • As we walked home, we talked about what we would have for dinner. (= at the same time)
    • When we got home, we started cooking dinner. (not As we got home)

  B     As = because

  • as = because 를 의미하는 경우도 있습니다.
    • As it was a national holiday last Thursday, all the banks were closed. (= because it was a national holiday)
    • The thief was difficult to identify as he was wearing a mask during the robbery.
  • sinceas 와 마찬가지로 because 처럼 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • Since it was a national holiday last Thursday, all the banks were closed.
    • The thief was difficult to identify since he was wearing a mask during the robbery.
  • aswhen 의 비교:
    • I couldn’t contact David as he was on a business trip, and he doesn’t have a cell phone. (= because he was on a trip)
    • David’s passport was stolen when he was on a business trip. (= during the time he was away)
    • As they lived near us, we used to see them pretty often. (= because they lived near us)
    • When they lived near us, we used to see them pretty often. (= at the time they lived near us)

  Creative Commons License
  이 저작물은 크리에이티브 커먼즈 저작자표시-비영리-변경금지 4.0 국제 라이선스에 따라 이용할 수 있습니다.