Unit 102 Comparison 1 (cheaper, more expensive, etc.)
- 다음의 예를 보겠습니다.
Should I drive or take the train?
You should drive. It’s cheaper.
Don’t take the train. It’s more expensive.
cheaper 와 more expensive 는 비교급(comparative)입니다.
- 비교급 다음에는 than 을 사용할 수 있습니다. (Unit 104 참조)
- It’s cheaper to go by car than by train.
- Going by train is more expensive than going by car.
§ 위의 비교에서 by car 와 by train, 그리고 going by train 과 going by car 처럼 같은 성질·방법·종류를 비교합니다.
- 비교급의 형태에는 -er 과 more . . . 이 있습니다.
단음절 단어는 -er 이음절 이상의 단어는 more . . . cheap → cheaper fast → faster more serious more often large → larger thin → thinner more expensive more comfortable -y 로 끝나는 이음절의 단어는 -y → -ier -ly 로 끝나는 부사의 비교급은 more . . . lucky → luckier early → earlier more slowly more seriously easy → easier pretty → prettier more quietly more carefully 스펠링은 Appendix 6 를 참조하십시오.
- You’re older than me.
- You’re more patient than me.
- The test was pretty easy – easier than I expected.
- The test was pretty difficult – more difficult than I expected.
- Can you walk a little faster?
- Can you walk a little more slowly?
- I’d like to have a bigger car.
- I’d like to have a more reliable car.
- Last night I went to bed earlier than usual.
- I don’t play tennis much these days. I used to play more often.
- -er 이나 more . . . 둘 중에서 아무 것이나 사용할 수 있는 2음절의 형용사들이 있습니다.
clever narrow quiet shallow simple
- It’s too noisy here. Can we go somewhere quieter / more quiet?
- 불규칙한 비교급:
good/well → better:
- The yard looks better since you cleaned it up.
- I know him well – probably better than anybody else knows him.
- bad/badly → worse:
- “Is your headache better?” “No, it’s worse.”
- He did very badly on the exam – worse than expected.
- far → farther (or further):
- “It’s a long walk from here to the station – farther than I thought.” (or further than)
- “더 많은(more), 부가적인(additional)”의 뜻으로 사용하는 further (not farther):
- Let me know if you hear any further news. (= any more news)
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