Unit 91 Relative Clauses 2: Clauses with and without who/that/which

 관계절  2

  A

  • Unit 90 의 예문을 보겠습니다.
    • The woman who lives next door is a doctor. (or The woman that lives . . .)
                 The woman lives next door.     who = the woman, 주어(subject)
    • Where is the cheese that was in the refrigerator? (or the cheese which was . . .)
                           The cheese was in the refrigerator.     that = the cheese, 주어(subject)
  • 주격 관계대명사 who/that/which 는 생략할 수 없습니다. “The woman lives next door is a doctor” 또는 “Where is the cheese was in the refrigerator?” 라고 할 수 없습니다.

  B

  • 목적격 관계대명사 who/that/which:
    • The woman who I wanted to see was away on vacation.
                               I wanted to see the woman.    who = the woman, 목적어(object); I = 주어
    • Have you found the keys that you lost?
                                                  You lost the keys.    that = the keys, 목적어(object); You = 주어
  • 목적격 관계대명사 who/that/which 는 생략할 수 있습니다.
    • The woman I wanted to see was away.  or  The woman who I wanted to see . . .
    • Have you found the keys you lost?  or  . . . the keys that you lost?
    • The dress Ann bought doesn’t fit her very well.  or  The dress that Ann bought . . .
    • Is there anything I can door  . . . anything that I can do?
  • 주의:
        the keys you lost (not the keys you lost them)
        the dress Ann bought (not the dress Ann bought it)

  C

  • 전치사 (in/to/for, etc.)와 함께 사용하는 관계대명사.
         Tom is talking to a woman – do you know her?
    → Do you know the woman (who/that) Tom is talking to?
         I slept in a bed last night – it wasn’t very comfortable
    → The bed (that/which) I slept in last night wasn’t very comfortable.
    • Are these the books you were looking for?  or  . . . the books that/which you were . . .¹
    • The woman he fell in love with left him after a month.  or  The woman who/that he . . .²
    • The man I was sitting next to on the plane talked all the time.  or  The man who/that I was . . .³
  • 주의:
        the books you were looking for (not the books you were looking for them)

 § 전치사가 관계대명사 앞에 위치하는 경우, 관계대명사를 생략할 수 없으며 that 를 사용할 수 없습니다:
  ¹ or . . . the books for which you were . . .
  ² or . . . The woman with whom he . . .
  ³ or . . . the man to whom I was . . .

  D

  • 관계대명사 what 는 다음과 같이 사용할 수 없습니다. (Unit 90C 참조)
    • Everything (that) they said was true. (not Everything what they said)
    • I gave her all the money (that) I had. (not all the money what I had)
  • what = “the thing(s) that”:
    • Did you hear what they said? (= the things that they said)

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