Unit 88 All, every, and whole

  A     All and everybody/everyone

  • 각각의 사람 모두 everybody/everyone 의 의미로 all 를 사용하지 않습니다.
    • Everybody enjoyed the party. (not All enjoyed)
  • all of us/you/them 의 구조로 사용합니다. (not everybody of . . .)
    • All of us enjoyed the party. (not Everybody of us)

  B     All and everything

  • alleverything 을 구별없이 사용할 수 있는 경우:
    • I’ll do all I can to help.  or  I’ll do everything I can to help.
  • all I can / all you need 등과 같이 사용하고 all 은 일반적인 경우에 단독으로 사용하지 않습니다.
    • He thinks he knows everything. (not he knows all)
    • Our vacation was a disaster. Everything went wrong. (not All went wrong)
  • all about 같은 표현에 단독으로 사용합니다.
    • He knows all about computers.
  • 유일한 것[the only thing(s)]을 나타내는 경우 all 을 사용하고 everything 을 사용하지 않습니다.
    • All I’ve eaten today is a sandwich. (= the only thing I’ve eaten today)

  C

  • every/everybody/everyone/everything 은 단수형이므로 단수동사를 사용합니다.
    • Every seat in the theater was taken.
    • Everyone has arrived. (not have arrived)
  • 그러나, everybody/everyone 의 대명사는 they/them/their 를 주로 사용합니다.
    • Everybody said they enjoyed themselves. (= he or she enjoyed himself or herself)

  D     Whole and all

  • whole = complete, entire. 전체를 뜻하며 주로 단수명사와 같이 사용합니다.
    • Did you read the whole book? (= all of the book, not just a part of it)
    • Lila has lived her whole life in Chile.
    • I was so hungry, I ate a whole package of cookies. (= a complete package)
  • wholeallthe/my/her 등 정관사·소유격의 위치가 다릅니다.
    • the whole way / all the way    her whole life / all her life
  • 일반적으로 whole 은 불가산명사(uncountable)와 사용하지 않습니다.
    • I’ve spent all the money you gave me. (not the whole money)

  E     Every/all/whole with time words

  • every 는 빈도를 나타냅니다. (every day / every Monday / every 10 minutes / every three weeks, etc.)
    • When we were on vacation, we went to the beach every day. (not all days)
    • The bus service is very good. There’s a bus every 10 minutes.
    • We don’t see each other very often – about every six months.
  • all day / the whole day = 하루 종일 (시작부터 끝까지):
    • We spent all day / the whole day at the beach.
    • Dan was very quiet. He didn’t say a word all night / the whole night.
  • all day (not all the day), all week (not all the week) 등과 같이 정관사 없이 사용합니다.
    all the timeevery time 의 비교:
    • They never go out. They are at home all the time. (= always, continuously, 언제나)
    • Every time I see you, you look different. (= each time, on every occasion, 매번)

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