Unit 87 Both / both of, neither / neither of, either / either of

  A

  • both/neither/either 는 두개의 경우에 사용하고, 명사 앞에 바로 사용할 수 있습니다. (both books, neither book, etc.)
    예를 들어, 외식을 하려는데 두곳의 음식점에 대해서 다음과 같이 말할 수 있습니다.
    • Both restaurants are very good. (not the both restaurants)
    • Neither restaurant is expensive.
    • We can go to either restaurant. I don’t care.
      (either = one or the other, it doesn’t matter which one)

  B     Both of . . . / neither of . . . / either of . . .

  • “both of the restaurants,” “both of those restaurants" (not both of restaurants) 등과 같이 both of / neither of / either of + the/these/my/Tom’s . . . 의 형태로 사용합니다.¹
    • Both of these restaurants are very good.
    • Neither of the restaurants we went to was (or were) expensive.
    • I haven’t been to either of those restaurants. (= I haven’t been to one or the other.)
  • both 다음의 of 를 생략할 수 있습니다.
    • Both my parents are from Michigan.  or  Both of my parents . . .
  • both of / neither of / either of + us/you/them (목적격 인칭대명사):
    • (talking to two people) Can either of you speak Spanish?
    • I asked two people the way to the station, but neither of them knew.
  • 목적격 인칭대명사 us/you/them 앞에는 of 를 반드시 사용해서 “both of” 로 사용합니다.
    • Both of us were very tired. (not Both us were . . . )
  • neither of 다음에 나오는 동사는 단수형 혹은 복수형을 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • Neither of the children wants (or want) to go to bed.

 § ¹ both/either/neither + of + 정관사/지시형용사/소유격 + 명사

  C

  • both/neither/either 는 명사 없이 단독으로 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • I couldn’t decide which of the two shirts to buy. I liked both. (or I liked both of them.)
    • “Is your friend British or American?”  “Neither. She’s Australian.”
    • “Do you want tea or coffee?”  “Either. It doesn’t matter.”

  D

  • 다음의 표현을 보겠습니다.
    both . . . and . . .
    • Both Ann and Tom were late.
    • I was both tired and hungry when I got home.
    neither . . . nor . . .
    • Neither Liz nor Robin came to the party.
    • She said she would contact me, but she neither wrote nor called.
    either . . . or . . .
    • I’m not sure where he’s from. He’s either Spanish or Italian.
    • Either you apologize, or I’ll never speak to you again.

  E

  • either/neither/both (두개)와 any/none/all (세개 이상)의 비교:
    • There are two good hotels here.
      You could stay at either of them.
    • There are many good hotels here.
      You could stay at any of them.
    • We tried two hotels.
      - Neither of them had any rooms.
      - Both of them were full.
    • We tried a lot of hotels.
      - None of them had any rooms.
      - All of them were full.

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