Unit 86 All / all of, most / most of, no / none of, etc.

  A

  •     all    some    any    most    much/many    little/few    no
    명사 바로 앞에 사용할 수 있습니다. (some food / few books, etc.)
    • All cars have wheels.
    • Some cars can go faster than others.
    • (on a notice) NO CARS. (= no cars allowed)
    • Many people drive too fast.
    • I don”t go out very often. I stay home most days.
  • “all of cars,” “some of people” 등의 형태는 사용하지 않습니다. (Section B 참조)
    • Some people learn languages more easily than others. (not Some of people)
  • 대부분을 표현하는 most 앞에 the 를 사용할 수 없습니다.
    • Most tourists don’t visit this part of town. (not The most tourists)

  B

  •     all    some    any    most    much/many    little/few    half    none
    명사 앞에 of 와 함께 사용할 수 있습니다. (some of / most of, etc.)
    some of the people, some of those people (but not some of people) 등과 같이 some of / most of / none of 등 + the/this/that/these/those/my . . . 등의 형태로 사용합니다.¹
    • Some of the people I work with are very friendly.
    • None of this money is mine.
    • Have you read any of these books?
    • I was sick yesterday. I spent most of the day in bed.
  • 위의 구조에서 all 또는 half 다음의 of 를 생략할 수 있습니다.
    • All my friends live in Los Angeles.  or  All of my friends . . .
    • Half this money is mine.  or  Half of this money . . .
  • 비교:
    • All flowers are beautiful. (= all flowers in general)
      All (of) the flowers in this garden are beautiful. (= a specific group of flowers)
    • Most problems have a solution. (= most problems in general)
      We were able to solve most of the problems we had. (= a specific group of problems)

 § ¹ all, some, any, most 등 + of + 정관사/지시형용사/소유격 + 명사

  C

  • all of / some of / none of, etc. + it/us/you/them:
    • “How many of these people do you know?”  “None of them. / A few of them.”
    • Do any of you want to come to a party tonight?
    • “Do you like this music?”  “Some of it. Not all of it.”
  • all of us / all of you / half of it / half of them 등과 같이 all/halfit/us/you/them (목적격 인칭대명사) 사이에는 반드시 of 를 사용합니다.
    • All of us were late. (not All us)
    • I haven”t finished the book yet. I”ve only read half of it. (not half it)

  D

  • some/most/none 등의 부분을 나타내는 단어는 명사 없이 대명사로 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • Some cars have four doors, and some have two.
    • A few of the shops were open, but most (of them) were closed.
    • Half this money is mine, and half (of it) is yours. (not the half)

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