Unit 85 Much, many, little, few, a lot, plenty


  • muchlittle 은 불가산명사(uncountable)에 사용합니다..
        much time     much luck     little energy     little money
    manyfew 는 복수명사(plural)에 사용합니다.
        many friends     many people     few cars     few countries


  • a lot of / lots of / plenty of 는 불가산명사와 복수명사에 사용합니다.
        a lot of luck     lots of time     plenty of money
        a lot of friends     lots of people     plenty of ideas
    plenty = 충분한, 충분하고 남는
    • There’s no need to hurry. We’ve got plenty of time.


  • much 는, 특히 구어체에서 긍정문에 거의 사용하지 않습니다.
    • We didn’t spend much money.  but
      We spent a lot of money. (not We spent much money)
    • Do you see David muchbut
      I see David a lot. (not I see David much)
  • many, a lot of, lots of 는 모든 종류의 문장에 다 사용합니다.
    • Many people drive too fast.  or  A lot of / Lots of people drive too fast.
    • Do you know many people?  or  Do you know a lot of / lots of people?
    • There aren’t many tourists here.  or  There aren’t a lot of tourists here.
  • many years / many weeks / many days (not a lot of . . .):
    • We’ve lived here for many years. (not a lot of years)


  • 부정관사 a 를 사용하지 않은 littlefew 는 부정입니다. (= not much / not many)
    • Gary is very busy with his job. He has little time for other things.
      (= not much time, less time than he would like)
    • Vicky doesn’t like living in Paris. She has few friends there.
      (= not many, not as many as she would like)
  • very littlevery few:
    • Gary has very little time for other things.
    • Vicky has very few friends in Paris.


  • a littlea few 는 긍정입니다.
    a little = some, or a small amount:
    • Let’s go and get something to drink. We’ve got a little time before the train leaves.
      (a little time = some time; enough time to have something to drink)
    • “Do you speak English?”  “A little.” (so we can talk to each other)
  • a few = some, or a small number:
    • I enjoy my life here. I have a few friends, and we get together pretty often.
      (a few friends = not many, but enough to have a good time)
    • “When was the last time you saw Claire?”  “A few days ago.” (= some days ago)
  • 비교:
    • He spoke little English, so it was difficult to communicate with him.
    • He spoke a little English, so we were able to communicate with him.
    • She’s lucky. She has few problems. (= not many problems)
    • Things are not going so well for her. She has a few problems. (= some problems)
  • only a littleonly a few:
    • Hurry! We have only a little time. (not only little time)
    • The town was very small. There were only a few streets. (not only few streets)

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