Unit 82 There . . . and It . . .

  A     There and it

  • A: There’s a new restaurant on Main Street.
    B: Yes, I know. I went there last night. It’s very good.
  • there = 무엇이 있다는 것을 처음으로 말하는 경우¹:
    • There’s a new restaurant on Main Street. (not A new restaurant is on Main Street)
    • I’m sorry I’m late. There was a lot of traffic. (not It was a lot of traffic)
    • Things are more expensive now. There has been a big increase in the cost of living.
  • it = (이미 거론된) 특정한 물건·장소·사실·상황 등 (Section C 참조):
    • We went to the new restaurant. It’s very good. (It = the restaurant)
    • I wasn’t expecting them to come. It was a complete surprise. (It = that they come)
  • thereit 비교:
    • I don’t like this town. There’s nothing to do here. It’s a boring place.
    • The new restaurant is very good. I went there (= to the restaurant) last night.
    • When we got to the party, there were already a lot of people there (= at the party).

 § ¹ (유도)부사인 허사(虛詞) there 은 무엇이 있다는 것을 처음으로 거론하는 경우에 사용합니다. 주어와 같은 위치를 취하며, 구문상 마치 주어와 같은 구실을 합니다.

  B

  there 용법

  • there will be, there must be, there might be, there used to, etc.:
    • Will there be many people at the party?
    • Is there a flight to Miami tonight?”  “There might be. I’ll check.”
    • If people drove more carefully, there wouldn’t be so many accidents.
  • there must have been, there should have been, etc.:
    • There was music playing. There must have been somebody at home.
  • thereit 비교:
    • They live on a busy street. There must be a lot of noise from the traffic.
      They live on a busy main street. It must be very noisy.
    • There used to be a movie theater on Main Street, but it closed a few years ago.
      That building is now a supermarket. It used to be a movie theater.
  • there is sure/certain/likely/bound to be . . . :
    • There is bound (= sure) to be a flight to Miami tonight.

  C

  it 용법

  • 또한 다음과 같이 it 를 사용합니다.
    • It’s dangerous to walk in the street. (It = to walk in the street)
  • “To walk in the street is dangerous.” 라고는 거의 말하지 않습니다. It . . . 사용이 일반적입니다.¹
    • It didn’t take us long to get here.
    • It’s too bad (that) Sandra can’t come to the party.
    • Let’s go. It’s not worth waiting any longer.
  • 거리·시간·날씨 등을 나타내는 it²:
    • How far is it from here to the airport.
    • What day is it today?
    • It’s been a long time since I saw you.
    • It was windy. (but There was a cold wind.)

 § ¹ 가주어, 또는 형식/예비주어로 해석하지 않습니다. “to walk in the street&rdquuo; = 진주어
 § ² 비인칭주어로 해석하지 않습니다.


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