Unit 81 A friend of mine | My own house | By myself
A A friend of mine / a friend of Tom’s, etc.
- “a friend of mine/yours/his/hers/ours/theirs”:
- I’m going to a wedding on Saturday. A friend of mine is getting married. (not a friend of me)
- We took a trip with some friends of ours. (not some friends of us)
- Michael had an argument with a neighbor of his.
- It was a good idea of yours to go to the movies.
- 위와 같은 구조로 “a friend of my sister’s / (a friend) of Tom’s,” etc.:
- That woman over there is a friend of my sister’s.
- It was a good idea of Tom’s to go to the movies.
§ 이중소유격: 관사(a/an/the), this, that, some, any, no 등과 소유격을 같이 사용할 때 소유격은 of 뒤에 놓습니다
B My own . . . / your own . . . , etc.
- own 의 위치는 my/your/his/her/its/our/their 다음입니다.¹
my own house your own car her own room
(not an own house, an own car, etc.)
My own . . . / your own . . . , etc. = 빌린 것이나 공유하는 것이 아닌 자신 만의 것:
- I don’t want to share a room with anybody. I want my own room.
- Vicky and George would like to have their own house.
- It’s a shame that the apartment doesn’t have its own parking space.
- It’s my own fault that I don’t have any money. I buy too many things I don’t need.
- Why do you want to borrow my car? Why don’t you use your own²? (= your own car)
- own 으로 누군가를 시키거나 누군가에게 의존하지 않고 자신이 스스로 하는 것을 표현합니다.
- Bill usually cuts his own hair. (= he cuts it himself; he doesn’t go to a barber)
- I’d like to have a garden so that I could grow my own vegetables. (= grow them myself instead of buying them in stores)
§ ¹ one’s own . . . 은 남의 것이 아니라 자기 자신의 소유임을 강조하거나, 남의 도움을 빌리지 않고 자력으로 자신이 하는 주체성을 강조하는 표현입니다.
§ ² own 다음의 명사가 반복되는 경우 그 명사를 생략하고 own 을 대명사로 사용할 수 있습니다.
C On my own / on your own, etc.
- on one’s own = independently; 남에게 의존하지 않고, 독립적으로, 도움을 받지 않고
- My children are living on their own. (= living in their own place and supporting themselves)
- I traveled around Japan on my own. (= not on an organized tour)
- Are you raising your children on your own? (= without the other parent)
D By myself / by yourself, etc.
- by myself / by yourself / by themselves, etc. = alone, without other people; 혼자서, 다른 사람없이.
- I like living by myself.
- “Did you go to Hawaii by yourself?” “No, with a friend.”
- Jack was sitting by himself in a corner of the café.
- Student drivers are not allowed to drive by themselves.
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