Unit 73 The 3 (children / the children)

 정관사  3


  • 일반적인 사람이나 사물을 말할 때(총칭)는 the 를 사용하지 않습니다.
    • I’m afraid of dogs.¹ (not the dogs) (dogs = 특정한 종류가 아닌 전체의 dogs)
    • Doctors are paid more than teachers
    • Do you collect stamps
    • Crime is a problem in most big cities. (not The crime)
    • Life has changed a lot in the last 30 years. (not the life)
    • Do you like classical music / Chinese food / fast cars?
    • My favorite sport is football/skiing/hockey.
    • My favorite subject at school was history/physics/English.
  • most² people / most books / most cars, etc. (not the most . . .):
    • Most hotels accept credit cards. (not The most hotels)

 § ¹ 대표복수: 관사없이 일반명사의 복수형을 사용해서 종족/종류 전체를 나타냅니다.
 § ² 관사없이 “대개의, 대부분의”


  • 특정한 사람이나 사물에는 the 를 사용합니다. 비교:
    In general (without the) Specific people or things (with the)
    • Children learn from playing. (= children in general)
    • We took the children to the zoo. (= a specific group, perhaps the speaker’s children)
    • I couldn’t live without music.
    • The movie wasn’t very good, but I liked the music. (= the music in the movie)
    • All cars have wheels.
    • All the cars in this parking lot belong to the people who work here.
    • Sugar isn’t very good for you.
    • Can you pass the sugar, please? (= the sugar on the table)
    • Do Americans drink much tea? (= Americans in general)
    • Do the Americans you know drink tea? (= only the Americans you know, not Americans in general)


  • 일반적인 것과 특정한 것의 구별이 확실하지 않은 경우도 있습니다. 비교:
    In general (without the) Specific people or things (with the)
    • I like working with people. (= people in general)
    • I like working with people who are lively.³ (모든 people 은 아니지만 lively 한 사람들은 여전히 일반적)
    • I like the people I work with. (= a specific group of people)
    • Do you like coffee? (= coffee in general)
    • Do you like strong black coffee?³ (모든 coffee 는 아니지만 strong black 커피는 여전히 일반적)
    • Did you like the coffee we had after dinner last night? (= specific coffee)

 § ³ lively, strong 등 구별이 분명하지 않거나 주관적인 형용사를 사용하면 특정한 사람·사물이 아닙니다.

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