Unit 71 The 1

 정관사  1


  • 유일한 것에 사용하는 the:
    • What is the longest river in the world? (There is only one longest river.)
    • The Earth goes around the sun, and the moon goes around the Earth.
    • Have you ever crossed the equator?
    • I’m going away at the end of this month.
  • 국가의 수도도 유일한 것이므로 the:
    • Paris is the capital of France. (not Paris is capital of . . . )
  • 종류/성질을 나타낼 때는 a/an 사용. (Unit 69B 참조) thea 의 비교:
    • The sun is a star. (= one of many stars)
    • The hotel we stayed at was a very nice hotel.


  • the sky / the sea / the ocean / the ground / the country / the environment:
    • We looked up at all the stars in the sky. (not in sky)
    • Would you like to live in the country? (= not in a town or a city)
    • We must do more to protect the environment. (= the natural world around us)
  • space 가 “우주 공간”을 의미하는 경우 the 를 사용하지 않습니다.
    • There are millions of stars in space. (not in the space)
    • I tried to park my car, but the space was too small.


  • same 앞에는 the 를 사용해서 the same¹:
    • Your sweater is the same color as mine. (not is same color)
    • “Are these keys the same?”  “No, they’re different.”

 § ¹ 동일함을 나타내는 것. the same thing, the very book I lost 등.


  • (go to) the movies / the theater:
    • I go to the movies a lot, but I haven’t been to the theater in ages.
  • 여기에서 the movies, the theater 등은 특정한 극장이 아닙니다.
    the radio, 그러나 televisionTVthe 없이 사용합니다.
    • I listen to the radio a lot.  but  I watch television a lot.
    • We heard the news on the radiobut  We watched the news on TV.
  • the television = the television set
    • Can you turn off the television, please?

  E     Breakfast    lunch    dinner

  • breakfast, lunch 등의 식사에는 the 를 사용하지 않습니다.
    • What did you have for breakfast?
    • We had lunch in a very nice restaurant.
    • What time is dinner?
  • 그러나, breakfast, lunch 등의 앞에 형용사가 있으면 부정관사 a 를 사용합니다.
    • We had a very nice lunch. (not we had very nice lunch)

  F     Gate 10    Room 126, etc.

  • 명사 + 숫자 앞에 the 를 사용하지 않습니다.
    • Our plane leaves from Gate 10. (not the Gate 10)
    • (in a store) Do you have these shoes in size 9? (not the size 9)
  • Room 126 (in a hotel), page 29 (of a book), question 3 (on a test), Platform 6 (at a train station) 등으로 사용합니다.

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