Unit 64 To . . . (afraid to do) and Preposition + -ing (afraid of -ing)

 부정사 / 전치사 + -ing

  A     afraid to (do) and afraid of (do)ing

  • I am afraid to do something = 위험하거나 결과가 나쁠 수 있기 때문에 하고 싶지 않다.
    afraid to do 는 의도적으로 하는 일과 선택할 수 있는 일에 사용합니다.
    • This part of town is dangerous. People are afraid to walk here at night.
      (= they don’t want to walk here because it is dangerous – so they don’t.)
    • James was afraid to tell his parents what happened.
      (= he didn’t want to tell them because he knew they would be angry/worried, etc.)
    I am afraid of something happening = 사고와 같이 나쁜 일이 일어날 가능성이 있습니다.
    afraid of -ing 는 의도적으로 하는 일에 사용하지 않습니다.
    • The sidewalk was icy, so we walked very carefully. We were afraid of falling.
      (= it was possible that we would fall – not we were afraid to fall)
    • I don’t like dogs. I’m always afraid of being bitten. (not afraid to be bitten)
    afraid of something happening (무슨 일이 일어날까봐) 이라서 afraid to do (하기가 두려운) 입니다.
    • I was afraid to go near the dog because I was afraid of being bitten.

  B     Interested in (do)ing and interested to (do)

  • interested in doing something = …을 하려고 하거나, …을 하고 싶거나, …에 관심이 있는 경우:
    • Let me know if you’re interested in joining the club. (not to join)
    • I tried to sell my car, but nobody was interested in buying it. (not to buy)
    interested to . . . = hear/see/read/learn/know/find 한 것에 대해 어떻게 반응을 하는지 표현합니다. I was interested to hear it = 그것을 들었고, 흥미로웠다(관심이 있었다).
    • I was interested to hear that Tanya quit her job.
    • Ask Mike for his opinion. I would be interested to know what he thinks.
      (= it would be interesting for me to know it)
    surprised to . . . / delighted to . . . 등도 같은 구조로 사용합니다. (Unit 63C 참조)
    • I was surprised to hear that Tanya quit her job.

  C     Sorry to (do) and sorry for / about (do)ing

  • sorry to . . . = 동정이나 유감을 표현하는 경우 (Unit 63C 참조):
    • I was sorry to hear that Nicky lost her job. (= I was sorry when I heard that . . .)
    • I’ve enjoyed my stay here. I’ll be sorry to leave.
    sorry to . . . = 뭔가를 할 때, 또는 하기 바로 직전에 사과하는 경우:
    • I’m sorry to call you so late, but I need to ask you something.
    sorry for 또는 sorry about = 전에 한 것(과거)을 사과하는 경우:
    • I’m sorry for (or about) shouting at you yesterday. (not sorry to shout)
    위의 문장을 다음과 같이 사용할 수도 있습니다.
    • I’m sorry I shouted at you yesterday.


  • 동명사와 부정사 구문의 비교:
    I want to (do) / I’d like to (do)
    I failed to (do)
    I allowed them to (do)
    but   I’m thinking of (doing) / I dream of (doing)
    but   I succeeded in (doing)
    but   I stopped/prevented them from (doing)
  • 예문은 Unit 52-53, 60 참조.

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