Unit 63 Adjective + to . . .

 형용사 + to . . .

  A     Hard to understand, etc.

    • Jim doesn’t speak very clearly.
    (a) It is hard to understand him.
    (b) He is hard to understand.
    (a)와 (b)는 같은 의미입니다.

    • He is hard to understand. (not He is hard to understand him.)
  • 이와 같은 구조로 사용할 수 있는 형용사:
    • Do you think it is safe (for us) to drink this water?
      Do you think this water is safe (for us) to drink? (not to drink it)
    • The questions on the exam were very difficult. It was impossible to answer them.
      The questions on the exam were very difficult. They were impossible to answer. (not to answer them)
    • Jill has lots of interesting ideas. It’s interesting to talk to her.
      Jill is interesting to talk to. (not to talk to her)
  • 형용사 + 명사 + to . . . 의 구조도 가능합니다.
    • This is a difficult question (for me) to answer. (not to answer it)

  B     (It’s) nice of (you) to . . .

  • It’s nice of somebody to do something:
    • It was nice of you to take me to the airport. Thank you very much.
  • 이와 같은 구조로 사용할 수 있는 형용사:
    careless kind mean considerate foolish stupid generous unfair
    • It’s foolish of Mary to quit her job when she needs the money.
    • I think it was very unfair of him to criticize me.

 § 부정사의 의미상의 주어를 나타내는 for 대신에 of 를 사용하는 경우로 주로 사람의 성질·성품과 관련이 있는 형용사들입니다.

  C     I’m sorry to . . . / I was surprised to . . . , etc.

  • 형용사 + to . . . 의 구조로 반응을 나타내는 표현:
    • I was sorry to hear that your father is ill.
  • 이와 같은 구조로 사용할 수 있는 형용사:
    happy disappointed glad surprised pleased amazed sad relieved
    • Was Julia surprised to see you?
    • It was a long and tiring trip. We were glad to get home.

  D     The first (person) to know / the next (train) to arrive

  • the first/second/third 등의 서수 다음에, 그리고 the next, the last, the only 다음에도 to . . . 를 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • If I have any more news, you will be the first (person) to know.
    • The next plane to arrive at gate 4 will be Flight 268 from Bogota.
    • Everybody was late except me. I was the only one to arrive on time.


  • (be) sure/certain/likely/bound to . . . 의 형태:
    • Carla is a very good student. She’s bound to pass the exam. (= she is sure to pass)
    • I’m likely to get home late tonight. (= I will probably get home late)

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