Unit 62 To . . . , for . . . , and so that . . . (Purpose)


  • 부정사 to . . . 로 행동의 이유·목적·의도를 표현:
    • “Why are you going out?”  “To mail a letter.”
    • A friend of mine called to invite me to a party.
    • We shouted to warn everybody of the danger.
  • 부정사 to . . . 로 존재의 이유·목적·의도를 표현:
    • This fence is to keep people out of the yard.
    • The president has a team of bodyguards to protect him.


  • 부정사 to . . . 로 할 수 있는 것이나 반드시 해야할 것 을 표현:
    • It’s hard to find a place to park downtown. (= a place where you can park)
    • Would you like something to eat?
    • Do you have much work to do? (= work that you must do)
    • I get lonely if there’s nobody to talk to.
    • I need something to open this bottle with.
  • money/time/chance/opportunity/energy/courage, etc. + to do (something):
    • They gave us some money to buy some food.
    • Do you have much opportunity to practice your English?
    • I need a few days to think about your proposal.

 § 명사 + 부정사(to-infinitive)는 형용사적 용법으로 「…할( 수 있는)」[용도]의 의미입니다.
  예) money to buy = 살 돈, a book to read = 읽을 책, something to eat, = 먹을 것, work to do = (해야) 할 일
  주의: money to buy 를 사기 위한 돈이라고 해석한 경우를 많이 볼 수 있습니다. I’ve got work to do 가 “하기 위한 일이 있다” 가 아니고 “할 일이 있다” 인 것과 마찬가지로 “사기 위한 돈” 이 아니라 “살 돈” 입니다.

  C     For . . .  and to . . .

  • for + 명사: to + 동사:
    • I’m going to Spain for a vacation
    • I’m going to Spain to learn Spanish.
      (not for learn, not for learning)
    • What would you like for dinner?
    • What would you like to eat?
    • Let’s go to the pool for a swim.
    • Let’s go to the pool to have a swim.
  • for (somebody) to do (something) = (somebody)가 (something)을 하다.¹
    • There weren’t any chairs for us to sit on, so we had to sit on the floor.
  • for -ing / to . . . 로 일반 용도를 표현합니다.
    • Do you use this brush for washing the dishes? (or . . . to wash the dishes?)
  • What . . . for? = 이유·목적·의도를 묻는 질문:
    • What is this switch for? (용도)
    • What did you do that for? (의도)

 § ¹ for 사람 + to-infinitive 의 형태로 부정사의 의미상의 주어를 나타냅니다.

  D     So that

  • 다음의 2가지 경우는 부정사 to . . . 를 사용하지 않고 so that 를 사용합니다.
    이유·목적·의도가 부정인 경우 (so that . . . won’t/wouldn’t):
    • I hurried so that I wouldn’t be late. (= because I didn’t want to be late)
    • Leave early so that you won’t (or don’t) miss the bus.
    can 혹은 could 와 함께 (so that . . . can/could):
    • She’s learning English so that she can study in Canada.
    • We moved to the city so that we could see our children more often.

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