Unit 62 To . . . , for . . . , and so that . . . (Purpose)
- 부정사 to . . . 로 행동의 이유·목적·의도를 표현:
- “Why are you going out?” “To mail a letter.”
- A friend of mine called to invite me to a party.
- We shouted to warn everybody of the danger.
- 부정사 to . . . 로 존재의 이유·목적·의도를 표현:
- This fence is to keep people out of the yard.
- The president has a team of bodyguards to protect him.
- 부정사 to . . . 로 할 수 있는 것이나 반드시 해야할 것 을 표현:
- It’s hard to find a place to park downtown. (= a place where you can park)
- Would you like something to eat?
- Do you have much work to do? (= work that you must do)
- I get lonely if there’s nobody to talk to.
- I need something to open this bottle with.
- money/time/chance/opportunity/energy/courage, etc. + to do (something):
- They gave us some money to buy some food.
- Do you have much opportunity to practice your English?
- I need a few days to think about your proposal.
§ 명사 + 부정사(to-infinitive)는 형용사적 용법으로 「…할( 수 있는)」[용도]의 의미입니다.
예) money to buy = 살 돈, a book to read = 읽을 책, something to eat, = 먹을 것, work to do = (해야) 할 일
주의: money to buy 를 사기 위한 돈이라고 해석한 경우를 많이 볼 수 있습니다. I’ve got work to do 가 “하기 위한 일이 있다” 가 아니고 “할 일이 있다” 인 것과 마찬가지로 “사기 위한 돈” 이 아니라 “살 돈” 입니다.
C For . . . and to . . .
for + 명사: to + 동사:
- I’m going to Spain for a vacation
- I’m going to Spain to learn Spanish.
(not for learn, not for learning)
- What would you like for dinner?
- What would you like to eat?
- Let’s go to the pool for a swim.
- Let’s go to the pool to have a swim.
- for (somebody) to do (something) = (somebody)가 (something)을 하다.¹
- There weren’t any chairs for us to sit on, so we had to sit on the floor.
- for -ing / to . . . 로 일반 용도를 표현합니다.
- Do you use this brush for washing the dishes? (or . . . to wash the dishes?)
- What . . . for? = 이유·목적·의도를 묻는 질문:
- What is this switch for? (용도)
- What did you do that for? (의도)
§ ¹ for 사람 + to-infinitive 의 형태로 부정사의 의미상의 주어를 나타냅니다.
D So that
다음의 2가지 경우는 부정사 to . . . 를 사용하지 않고 so that 를 사용합니다. 이유·목적·의도가 부정인 경우 (so that . . . won’t/wouldn’t):
- I hurried so that I wouldn’t be late. (= because I didn’t want to be late)
- Leave early so that you won’t (or don’t) miss the bus.
can 혹은 could 와 함께 (so that . . . can/could):
- She’s learning English so that she can study in Canada.
- We moved to the city so that we could see our children more often.
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