Unit 60 Verb + preposition + -ing (succeed in -ing / accuse somebody of -ing, etc.)

 동사 + 전치사 + -ing

  A

  • 동사(verb) + 전치사(preposition, in/for/about, etc.) + 목적어(object) 구조:
      Verb + Prep. + Object
      We talked
    You should apologize
    about
    for
    the problem.
    what you said.
  • 목적어가 동사인 경우는 -ing (동명사) 사용:
      Verb + Prep. + -ing (Ojbect)
      We talked
    You should apologized
    about
    for
    going to South America.
    not telling the truth.
  • 이와 같은 구조의 동사들:
    succeed (in)
    insist (on)
    think (of)
    dream (of)
    approve (of)
    decide (against)
    feel (like)
    look forward (to)
    Have you succeeded
    They insisted
    I’m thinking
    I wouldn’t dream
    He doesn’t approve
    We have decided
    Do you feel
    I’m looking forward
    in
    on
    of
    of
    of
    against
    like
    to
    finding a job yet?
    paying for dinner.
    buying a house.
    asking them for money.
    swearing.
    moving to Chicago.
    going out tonight?
    meeting her.
  • “approve of somebody doing something,” “look forward to somebody doing something” 의 구조도 가능합니다.¹
    • I don’t approve of people killing animals for fun.
    • We are all looking forward to Bob coming home.

 § ¹ 동명사의 의미상 주어 – 동명사의 동작의 주체를 나타내며 소유격이나 목적격을 사용합니다.

  B

  • 동사(verb) + 목적어(object) + 전치사(preposition) + -ing 구조:
      Verb + Object + Prep. + -ing (Object)
    congratulate (on)
    accuse (of)
    suspect (of)
    prevent (from)
    keep (from)
    stop (from)
    thank (for)
    excuse (for)
    I congratulated
    They accused
    Nobody suspected
    What prevented
    The noise keeps
    The rain didn’t stop
    I forgot to thank
    Please excuse
    Ann
    us
    the general
    you
    me
    us
    them
    me
    on
    of
    of
    from
    from
    from
    for
    for
    getting a new job.
    telling lies.
    being a spy.
    coming to see us?
    falling asleep.
    enjoying our vacation.
    helping me.
    not returning your call.
  • 위의 동사들은 수동형으로 자주 사용합니다.
    • We were accused of telling lies.
    • The general was suspected of being a spy.
  • apologize to somebody for . . .” 의 형태로 사용합니다.
    • I apologized to them for keeping them waiting. (not I apologized them)

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