Unit 56 Verb + -ing or to . . . 3 (like / would like, etc.)

 동사 + -ing / to . . .  3

  A     Like / love / hate

  • 반복되는 동작이나 행동을 표현하는 경우 목적어로 동명사 -ing 또는 부정사 to . . . 를 사용합니다.
    • Do you like getting up early?  or  Do you like to get up early?
    • Stephanie hates flyingor  Stephanie hates to fly.
    • I love meeting people.  or  I love to meet people.
    • I don’t like being kept waiting.  or  . . . like to be kept waiting.
    • I don’t like friends calling me at work.  or  . . . friends to call me at work.
  • 그러나, 다음의 두가지 경우는 예외입니다.¹
    (1) 현재의 상황이거나 이미 존재했던 상황에는 일반적으로 동명사 -ing 를 사용합니다.
    • Paul lives in Vancouver now. He likes living there. (He likes living in Vancouver = He lives there and he likes it)
    • Do you like being a student? (You are a student – do you like it?)
    • The office I worked at was horrible. I hated working there. (I worked there and hated it)
  • (2) I like to doI like doing 에 차이가 있는 경우가 있습니다.
        I like doing something = 하고 있고 즐김:
    • I like cleaning the kitchen. (= I enjoy it)
  •     I like to do something = 하면 좋은 것이지만 반드시 즐기는 것은 아님:
    • It’s not my favorite job, but I like to clean the kitchen as often as as possible.
  • enjoy/mind 는 동명사 -ing 를 목적어로 취합니다. 부정사 to . . . 는 사용할 수 없습니다.
    • I enjoy cleaning the kitchen. (not I enjoy to clean)
    • I don’t mind cleaning the kitchen. (not I don’t mind to clean)

 § ¹ 동명사·부정사를 접하고 이해에 어려움이 있는 경우 가장 먼저 생각하면 좋은 두가지 예외입니다. 동명사·부정사 용법의 차이는 위의 두가지 경우를 광범위하게 적용하기 때문에 나타나는 경우가 많습니다.

  B     Would like / would love / would hate / would prefer

  • would like / would love 등은 일반적으로 부정사 to . . . 를 목적어로 취합니다.
    • I’d like (= would like) to go away for a few days.
    • Would you like to come to dinner on Friday?
    • I wouldn’t like to go on vacation alone.
    • I’d love to meet your family.
    • Would you prefer to have dinner now or later?
  • I likeI would like (I’d like) 비교²:
    • I like playing tennis. / I like to play tennis. (평소, 늘, 언제나)
    • I would like to play tennis today. (오늘)
  • would mind 는 동명사 -ing 를 목적어로 취합니다. 부정사 to . . . 는 사용할 수 없습니다.
    • Would you mind closing the door, please?

 § ² 일반적인 상황과 특정 상황의 차이입니다.

  C

  • I would like to have done something = 과거에 하지 않은/못한 것에 대해 후회·유감:
    • It’s too bad we didn’t see Johnny when we were in Nashville. I would like to have seen him again.
    • We’d like to have gone on vacation, but we didn’t have enough money.
  • would love / would hate / would prefer 도 위의 형태와 같습니다.
    • Poor Tom! I would hate to have been in his position.
    • I’d love to have gone to the party, but it was impossible.

 § would like/love/hate/prefer + 완료부정사:
  과거의 사실과 반대인 경우를 나타내는 가정법과거완료의 용법인 “과거에 하지 않았거나 못했던 일에 대한 유감이나 후회를 표현”하는 형태의 일종입니다.


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