Unit 55 Verb + -ing or to . . . 2 (try/need/help)

 동사 + -ing / to . . .   2

  A     Try to . . . and try -ing

  • try to do = …을(를) 해보려고 노력하다[애쓰다].
    • I was very tired. I tried to keep my eyes open, but I couldn’t.
    • Please try to be quiet when you come home. Everyone will be asleep.
    try 는 “실험이나 테스트로 무언가를 해보다”라는 의미가 있습니다.
    • These cookies are delicious. You should try one. (= you should have one to see if you like it)
    • We couldn’t find anywhere to stay. We tried every hotel in the town, but they were all full. (= we went to every hotel to see if they had a room)
    try -ing = (시험삼아) …을(를) 해보다.
    • A: The photocopier doesn’t seem to be working.
      B: Try pressing the green button. (= press the green button – maybe this will help to solve the problem)
    • I tried to move the table, but it was too heavy. (so I couldn’t move it)
    • I didn’t like the way the furniture was arranged, so tried moving the table to the other side of the room. But it still didn’t look right, so I moved it back again.

 § 시도와 노력을 혼동하는 경우가 많습니다. 노력은 결과에 중점을 둔 행동인 반면 시도는 확인·검증하는 것에 중점을 둔 행동입니다. 한번 해보고, 입어 보고, 먹어 보고 하는 것들은 노력을 필요로 하지 않는 행동들, 즉 시도입니다.

  B     Need to do, need to be done, and need doing

  • “This room needs to be cleaned up.”
  • I need to do something = it is necessary for me to do it, (내가) …을 할 필요가 있다.
    • I need to get more exercise.
    • He needs to work harder if he wants to make progress.
    • I don’t need to come to the meeting, do I?
    Something needs to be done = someone needs to do it, (누군가가) …을 할 필요가 있다.
    • My cell phone needs to be charged
    • Do you think my pants need to be washed?
    need doing = need to be done:
    • My cell phone needs charging.
    • Do you think my pants need washing?

 § ¹ 수동의 형태이고 수동의 의미를 갖고 있지만 “내 전화기를 충전할 필요가 있다”처럼 능동의 해석이 좋습니다.

  C     Help and can’t help

  • help 는 부정사 to . . . (help to do) 또는 원형부정사 (help do)를 목적어로 취합니다.
    • Everybody helped to clean up after the party.  or
      Everybody helped clean up . . .
    • Can you help me to move this table?  or
      Can you help me move . . .
    I can’t help doing something = …하지 않을 수 없다.
    • I don’t like him, but he has a lot of problems. I can’t help feeling sorry for him.
    • She tried to be serious, but she couldn’t help laughing. (= she couldn’t stop herself from laughing)
    • I’m sorry I’m so nervous. I can’t help it. (= I can’t help being nervous)

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