Unit 54 Verb + -ing or to . . . 1 (remember/regret, etc.)

 동사 + -ing / to . . .   1

  A

  • 동명사 -ing 를 목적어로 취하는 동사와 부정사 to . . . 를 목적어로 취하는 동사:
    -ing: to . . . :
    admit
    avoid
    consider
    deny
    enjoy
    finish
    imagine
    keep (on)
    mind
    postpone
    risk
    stop
    suggest
    afford
    agree
    arrange
    decide
    deserve
    fail
    forget
    hope
    learn
    manage
    offer
    plan
    promise
    refuse
    threaten
    Unit 51 참조 Unit 52 참조

  B

  • 동명사 -ing 목적어와 부정사 to . . . 목적어에 따라서 의미가 달라지는 동사: remember
    I remember doing something = I did it and now I remember this. 했고, 지금 기억함. I remembered to do something = I remembered that I had to do it, so I did it. 해야 할 것을 기억하고 했음.
    remember doing (하고 나서) …한 것을 기억 remember to do (하기 전에) …할 것을 기억
    • I know I locked the door. I clearly remember locking it. (= I locked it, and now I remember this)
    • I remembered to lock the door, but I forgot to shut the windows. (= I remembered that I had to lock the door, and so I locked it)
    • He could remember driving along the road just before the accident, but he couldn’t remember the accident itself.
    • Please remember to mail this letter. (= don’t forget to mail it)
  • regret
    I regret doing something = I did it and now I’m sorry about it. 했고, 지금은 후회(유감) I regret to say / to tell you / to inform you = I’m sorry that I have to say. 유감스럽게도 …입니다, 유감스러운 소식 …를 알려드립니다.
    • I now regret saying what I said. I shouldn’t have said it.
    • (from a formal letter) We regret to inform you that we cannot offer you the job.
      유감스럽게도 귀하를 채용할 수 없음을 알려드립니다.
    • It began to get cold and he regretted not wearing his coat.
  • go on
    Go on doing something = continue doing the same thing: 하던 것을 계속하다. Go on to do something = do or say something new: (하나를 마치고) 새로운 것을 (말)하기 시작하다.
    • The president went on talking for hours.
    • After discussing the economy, the president then went on to talk about foreign policy.
    • We need to change. We can’t go on living like this.

  C

  • -ingto . . . 의 사용에 차이가 없는 동사:
        begin    start    continue    bother
    • It has started rainingor  It has started to rain.
    • Don’t bother locking the door.  or  Don’t bother to lock . . .
  • 그러나 진행형 (-ing)의 경우 동명사 -ing 를 사용하지 않고 부정사 to . . . 로 사용합니다.
    • It’s starting to rain. (not It’s starting raining)

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