Unit 53 Verb (+ Object) + to . . . (I want you to . . . , etc.)
동사 (+ 목적어) + to . . .
mean (= intend)
- 위의 동사들은 to . . . (부정사)를 목적어로 취하며, 동사 + to . . . 또는 동사 + 목적어 + to . . . 의 형태로 사용합니다.
동사 + to . . .
- We expected to be late.
- Would you like to go now?
- He doesn’t want to know.
동사 + 목적어 + to . . .
- We expected Dan to be late.
- Would you like me to go now?
- He doesn’t want anybody to know.
- 위의 동사들은 “want that” 처럼 that . . . (목적절)을 사용할 수 없습니다.
- Do you want me to come with you? (not Do you want that I come)
- help 는 to . . . 또는 원형부정사를 사용할 수 있습니다.
- Can you help me to move this table? or Can you help me move this table?
tell remind force encourage teach enable order warn invite persuade get (= persuade, arrange for)
- 위의 동사들은 동사 + 목적어 + to . . . 의 형태로 사용합니다.
- Can you remind me to call Ann tomorrow?
- Who taught you to drive?
- I didn’t move the piano by myself. I got somebody to help me.
- Jim said the switch was dangerous and warned me not to touch it.
- 이와 같은 동사의 수동태 (I was wanrned / we were told, etc.):
- I was warned not to touch the switch.
- suggest 는 동사 + 목적어 + to . . . 형태를 사용할 수 없습니다.
- Jane suggested that I ask you for advice. (not Jane suggested me to ask)
- advise 와 allow 의 용법:
동사 + -ing (목적어 없음) 동사 + 목적어 + to . . .
- I wouldn’t advise staying in that hotel.
- I wouldn’t advise anybody to stay in that hotel.
- They don’t allow parking in front of the building.
- They don’t allow people to park in front of the building.
(be) allowed (수동태):
- Parking isn’t allowed in front of the building.
- You aren’t allowed to park in front of the building.
§ encourage, permit, forbid 등도 위와 같이 사용합니다.
D Make and let
- 동사 + 목적어 + 원형부정사 (do/open/feel, etc) 구조:
- I made him promise that he wouldn’t tell anybody what happened. (not to promise)
- Hot weather makes me feel tired. (= causes me to feel tired)
- Her parents wouldn’t let her go out alone. (= wouldn’t allow her to go out)
- Let me carry your bag for you.
- “make somebody do” (not to do)의 수동태는 “(be) made to do” (to 사용)입니다.
- We were made to wait for two hours. (= They made us wait . . . )
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