Unit 52 Verb + to . . . (decide to . . . / forget to . . . , etc.)

 동사 + to . . .

  A

  부정사 목적어를 취하는 동사

  • offer
    agree
    refuse
    decide
    plan
    arrange
    hope
    manage
    fail
    deserve
    afford
    forget
    promise
    threaten
    learn
  • 위의 동사들은 부정사 (infinitive) to . . . 를 목적어로 취합니다.
    • It was late, so we decided to take a taxi home.
    • David was in a difficult situation, so I agreed to help him.
    • How old were you when you learned to drive? (or learned how to drive)
    • Karen failed to make a good impression at the job interview.
  • 부정사의 부정형은 not to . . . :
    • We decided not to go out because of the weather.
    • I promised not to be late.
  • enjoy/think/suggest 등과 같이 부정사를 목적어로 취하지 못하는 동사들이 있습니다.
    • I enjoy reading. (not enjoy to read)
    • Sam suggested going to the movies. (not suggested to go)
    • Are you thinking of buying a car? (not thinking to buy)
  • 동사 + -ingUnit 51 참조, 동사 + 전치사 + -ingUnit 60 참조.

  B

  • 다음 동사들도 to . . . (부정사, infinitive)를 목적어로 취합니다.
    seem appear tend pretend claim
    • They seem to have plenty of money.
    • I like Dan, but I think he tends to talk too much.
    • Ann pretended not to see me when she passed me on the street.
  • 진행부정사 to be doing 과 완료부정사 to have done:
    • I pretended to be reading the newspaper. (= I pretended that I was reading)
    • You seem to have lost weight. (= it seems that you have lost weight)
    • Joe seems to be enjoying his new job. (= it seems that he is enjoying it)

  C

  • dare 은 부정사 to . . . 또는 원형부정사를 목적어로 취합니다.
    • I wouldn’t dare to tell him.  or  I wouldn’t dare tell him.

  D

  • 의문사 (what/whether/how, etc.) + to . . . 형태를 사용할 수 있는 동사:
    ask
    learn
    decide
    understand
    know
    wonder
    remember
    explain
    forget
     
    We asked
    Have you decided
    I don’t know
    Do you understand
    how
    where
    whether
    what
    to get
    to go
    to apply
    to do
    ?
    to the station.
    for your vacation?
    for the job or not.
     
  • show/tell/ask/advise/teach + 사람 + what/how/where + to do something 의 형태로 사용합니다.
    • Can somebody show me how to change the film in this camera?
    • Ask Jack. He’ll tell you what to do.

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