Unit 51 Verb + -ing (enjoy doing / stop doing, etc.)

 동사 + -ing

  A

  동명사 목적어를 취하는 동사

  • 다음의 예를 보겠습니다.
    • I enjoy reading. (not I enjoy to read)
    • Would you mind closing the door? (not mind to close)
    • Sam suggested going to the movies. (not suggested to go)
  • 이와 같이 enjoy, mind, suggest 등의 동사는 동명사 -ing (not to . . .)를 목적어로 취합니다.
    동명사 -ing 를 목적어로 취하는 동사:
    stop
    finish
    quit
    postpone
    avoid
    risk
    consider
    imagine
    miss
    admit
    deny
    recommend
    • Suddenly everybody stopped talking. There was silence.
    • I’ll do the shopping when I’ve finished cleaning the apartment.
    • He tried to avoid answering my question.
    • Have you ever considered going to live in another country?
  • 동명사의 부정형은 not -ing:
    • When I’m on vacation, I enjoy not having to get up early.

  B

  • 동명사 -ing 를 목적어로 취하는 동사구:
    give up (= stop)
    put off (= postpone)
    go on (= continue)
    keep  or  keep on (= do something continuously or repeatedly)
    • Paula has given up trying to lose weight.
    • Jenny doesn’t want to retire. She wants to go on working.
    • You keep interrupting when I’m talking!  or  You keep on interrupting . . .

  C

  • 동사 + 사람 + -ing 의 구조:
    • I can’t imagine George riding a motorbike.
    • “Sorry to keep you waiting so long.”  “That’s all right.”
  • 동명사의 수동형은 being done/seen/kept, etc.:
    • I don’t mind being kept waiting. (= I don’t mind people keeping me waiting.)

  D

  • 완료된 동작에는 having done/stolen/said 등의 완료동명사¹:
    • They admitted having stolen the money.
  • 그러나, 완료동명사 having (done)을 반드시 사용하지 않고 동명사 doing 을 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • They admitted stealing the money.
    • I now regret saying (or having said) what I said.
  • regret 에 대해서는 Unit 54B 참조.

 § ¹ 동명사의 시제가 동사의 시제보다 앞선 것을 나타냅니다.

  E

  • 이 페이지에 나온 동명사를 목적어로 취하는 동사들 중에서 admit/deny/suggest 등의 동사는 that . . . 를 목적어로 취할 수 있습니다.
    • She denied that she had stolen the money. (or She denied stealing . . .)
    • Sam suggested that we go to the movies. (or Sam suggested going . . .)

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