Unit 50 Tag Questions (do you? / isn't it?, etc.)

 부가의문문

  A

  • 다음의 예를 보겠습니다.
    A: You haven’t seen Maria today, have you?
    B: No, I haven’t.
    A: It was a good movie, wasn’t it?
    B: Yes, I loved it.
  • have you? 와 wasn’t it? 가 부가의문문(tag question)입니다. 부가의문문은 구어체에서 문장의 끝에 추가하는 짧은 질문을 말합니다. 이와 같은 부가의문문은 조동사 (have/was/will, etc.)를 사용합니다.
    단순현재형과 단순과거형에서는 do/does/did 를 사용합니다. (Unit 49 참조)
    • “Lauren plays the piano, doesn’t she?”  “Well, yes, but not very well.”
    • “You didn’t lock the door, did you?”  “No, I forgot.”

  B

  • 긍정문에는 부정의 부가의문문을 사용하고, 부정문에는 긍정의 부가의문문을 사용합니다.
    Positive Sentence Negative Tag   Negative Sentence Positive Tag
    Maria will be here soon, won’t she?   Kate won’t be late, will she?
    There was a lot of traffic, wasn’t there?   They don’t like us, do they?
    Jim should take his medicine, shouldn’t he?   You haven’t paid the gas bill, have you?
  • 부정문 + 긍정 부가의문문에 대한 대답의 yesno 를 주의:
    • You’re not going out today, are you?
      - Yes. (= Yes, I am going out.)
      - No. (= No, I am not going out.)

  C

  • 부가의문문은 억양에 따라서 의미가 달라집니다. 끝이 내려가게 되면 질문이 아니라 듣는 사람의 동의를 구하는 것이 됩니다.
    • “It’s a nice day, isn’t it?”↘  “Yes, beautiful.”
    • “Eric doesn’t look too good today, does he?”↘  “No, he looks very tired.”
    • She’s very funny. She has a wonderful sense of humor, doesn’t she?↘
  • 끝이 올라가게 되면 질문입니다.
    • “You haven’t seen Lisa today, have you?”↗  “No, I haven’t”
      (= Have you seen Lisa today by any chance?)
  • 부정문 + 긍정 부가의문문의 끝을 올리게 되면 요구나 부탁(to ask for things or information or to ask somebody to do something)을 의미합니다.
    • “You wouldn’t have a pen, would you?”↗  “ Yes, here you are.”
    • “You couldn’t lend me some money, could you?”↗  “It depends how much.”
    • “You don’t know where Lauren is, do you?”↗  “Sorry, I have no idea.”

  D

  • Let’s . . . 의 부가의문문은 shall we:
    • Let’s go for a walk, shall we?↗ (the voice goes up)
  • Do/Listen/Give . . . (명령문)의 부가의문문은 will you:
    • Open the door, will you?↗ (the voice goes up)
  • I’m . . . 의 부정 부가의문문은 aren’t I? (= am I not?):
    • “I’m late, aren’t I?”  “Yes, you are.”

  Creative Commons License
  이 저작물은 크리에이티브 커먼즈 저작자표시-비영리-변경금지 4.0 국제 라이선스에 따라 이용할 수 있습니다.