Unit 48 Questions 2 (Do you know where . . . ? / He asked me where . . . )

 의문문  2

  A     Do you know where . . . ? / I don’t know why . . . / Could you tell me what . . . ?, etc.

  간접의문문

  • Where has Tom gone? 의문문을 Do you know . . . ? 의문문과 결합하면,
        Do you know where Tom has gone? (not Do you know where has Tom gone?)
    이처럼 의문문 (Where has Tome gone?)이 다른 문장 (Do you know . . . ? / I don’t know . . . / Can you tell me . . . ?, etc.)과 결합하게 되면 어순이 변합니다. 비교:
    • What time is it?
    Do you know what time it is?
    • Who are those people?
    I don’t know who those people are.
    • Where can I find Linda?
    Can you tell me where I can find Linda?
    • How much will it cost?
    Do you have any idea how much it will cost?
  • do/does/did 의문문:
    • What time does the movie begin?
    Do you know what time the movie begins?
    (not does the movie begin)
    • What do you mean?
    Please explain what you mean.
    • Why did she leave early?
    I wonder why she left early.
  • 의문사 (what, why, etc.)가 없는 경우에는 ifwhether 사용:
    • Did anybody see you?
    Do you know if anybody saw you?
    or . . . whether anybody saw you?

  B     He asked me where . . . (reported questions)

  • 간접화법에서도 의문문을 전달하는 경우 어순에 같은 변화를 적용합니다.
    • 직접화법: The police officer said to us, “Where are you going?”
      간접화법: The police officer asked us where we were going.
    • 직접화법: Claire asked, “What time do the banks close?”
      간접화법: Claire asked what time the banks closed.
  • 위의 예문과 같이 간접화법에 나오는 간접의문문의 시제는 주로 과거형 (were, closed, etc.)으로 바꿉니다. (Unit 45 참조)
    다음의 예를 보겠습니다:
    You had an interview for a job, and these were some of the questions the interviewer asked you:
    취업 면접을 했습니다. 면접관이 질문했던 질문의 일부입니다:
        Are you willing to travel?
        What do you do in your spare time?
        How long have you been working at your present job?
        Why did you apply for the job?
        Can you speak another language?
        Do you have a driver’s license?
    Later you tell a friend what the interviewer asked you. You use reported speech:
    나중에 친구에게 시험관이 물어본 것을 전합니다. 간접화법을 사용합니다:
    • She asked if (or whether) I was willing to travel.
    • She wanted to know what I did in my spare time.
    • She asked how long I had been working at my present job.
    • She asked why I had applied for the job. (or . . . why I applied)
    • She wanted to know if (or whether) I could speak another language.
    • She asked if (or whether) I had a driver’s license.

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