Unit 46 Reported Speech 2

 간접화법  2

  A

  • 간접화법에서 동사의 시제를 반드시 바꿔야 하는 것은 아닙니다. 전하는 말의 내용이 전하는 순간에도 변하지 않은 상황이면 동사의 시제를 과거형으로 바꿀 필요가 없습니다.
    • 직접화법: Tom said, “My new job is very interesting.”
      간접화법: Tome said that his new job is very interesting.
                     (The situation hasn’t changed. His job is still interesting.)
    • 직접화법: Ann said, “I want to go to South America next year.”
      간접화법: Ann said that she wants to go to South America next year.
                     (Ann still wants to go to South America next year.)
  • 위의 예문에서 동사의 시제를 과거형으로 바꿀 수 있습니다.
    • Tom said that his new job was very interesting.
    • Ann said that she wanted to go to South America next year.
  • 그러나 이미 끝이 나버린 일에 대해서 언급하는 경우는 반드시 과거형 동사를 사용해야 합니다.
    • Paul left the room suddenly. He said he had to go. (not has to go)

  B

  • 과거에 말한 것과 지금의 상황에 차이(변화)가 있을 때에는 반드시 과거형 동사를 사용해야 합니다.
    You met Sonia a few days ago.
    며칠 전에 Sonia 를 만났습니다.
    She said, “Joe is in the hospital.” (직접화법)
    Later that day you meet Joe in the street. You say:
    같은 날 얼마 있다가 길에서 Joe 를 만났습니다. Joe 에게:
    “I didn’t expect to see you, Joe. Sonia said you were in the hospital.” (not “Sonia said you are in the hospital,” Joe 가 병원에 있지 않은 것이 분명하기 때문에 반드시 과거형을 사용합니다.)

  C     Say and Tell

  • tell: 말하는 대상을 포함하는 경우.      TELL SOMEBODY
    • Sonia told me that you were in the hospital. (not Sonia said me)
    • What did you tell the police? (not say the police)
  • say: 위의 경우를 제외하고는 say 를 사용.      SAY SOMEBODY
    • Sonia said that you were in the hospital. (not Sonia told that . . .)
    • What did you say?
  • say something to somebody 로 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • Ann said good-bye to me and left. (not And said me good-bye)
    • What did you say to the police?

  D     Tell/ask somebody to do something

  • 명령이나 요청을 나타내는 명령문을 간접화법으로 바꾸는 경우, 주로 asktell 와 함께 부정사 (to do / to stay, etc.)를 사용합니다.
    • 직접화법: “Stay in bed for a few days,” the doctor said to me.
      간접화법: The doctor told me to stay in bed for a few days.
    • 직접화법: “Don’t shout,” I said to Jim.
      간접화법: I told Jim not to shout.
    • 직접화법: “Please don’t tell anybody what happened,” Ann said to me.
      간접화법: Ann asked me not to tell anybody what (had) happened.
  • “Sombody said (not) to do something” 의 형태도 가능합니다.
    • Jackie said not to tell anyone. (but not Jackie said me)

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