Unit 45 Reported Speech 1 (He said that . . .)

 간접화법  1

  A

  •     Tom: I’m feeling sick.
    다른 사람에게 Tom 이 말한 것을 전하는 두가지 방법이 있습니다.
    Tom 이 말한 것을 그대로 반복하는 직접화법:
    Tom said, “I’m feeling sick.”
    간접화법:
    Tom said that he was feeling sick.
    위의 두 문장을 다시 비교하면:
    직접화법:   Tom said, “I am feeling sick.”
    간접화법:   Tom said that he was feeling sick.
    직접화법에서 따옴표(“ ”)를 사용하고, 간접화법에서 I → he, am → was 로 바뀌었습니다.

  B

  • 간접화법의 경우 주부의 동사는 주로 과거형 (Tom said that . . . / I told her that . . . , etc.)입니다. 나머지의 문장도 따라서 과거형입니다.
    • Tom said that he was feeling sick.
    • I told her that I didn’t have any money.
  • that 는 생략할 수 있습니다.
    • Tom said that he was feeling sick.  or  Tom said he was feeling sick.
  • 직접화법에서의 현재형(present)이 간접화법에서는 과거형(past)으로 바뀌는 것이 일반적입니다.
        am/is → was     do/does  → did     will → would
        are → were     have/has → had     can → could
        want/know/go, etc. → wanted/knew/went, etc.
    직접화법과 간접화법의 비교:
    You met Jenny. Here are some of the things she said to you in direct speech:
    Jenny 를 만났습니다. Jenny 가 말한 것들을 직접화법으로:
    Later you tell somebody what Jenny said. You use reported speech:
    나중에 Jenny 가 말한 것을 다른 사람에게 간접화법으로:
    • “My parents are fine.”
    • Jenny said that her parents were fine.
    • “I’m going to learn to drive.”
    • She said that she was going to learn to drive.
    • “I want to buy a car.”
    • She said that she wanted to buy a car.
    • “John has quit his job.”
    • She said that John had quit his job.
    • “I can’t come to the party on Friday.”
    • She said that she couldn’t come to the party on Friday.
    • “I don’t have much free time.”
    • She said she didn’t have much free time.
    • “I’m going away for a few days. I’ll call you when I get back.”
    • She said that she was going away for a few days and would call me when she got back.

  C

  • 간접화법에서 단순과거형 (did/saw/knew, etc.)은 시제를 고칠 필요 없이 단순과거형으로 사용해도 좋고 과거완료형 (had done / had seen / had known, etc.)으로 고쳐도 됩니다.
    • 직접화법: Tom said, “I woke up feeling sick, so I didn’t go to work.”
      간접화법: Tom said (that) he woke up feeling sick, so he didn’t go to work.  or
                     Tom said (that) he had woken up feeling sick, so he hadn’t gone to work.

 § 간접화법에서 시제를 반드시 바꿀 필요가 없는 경우입니다. 혼동을 초래하는 경우가 있을 수 있지만 내용과 문맥의 흐름으로 판단합니다.


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