Unit 31 Should


  • You should do something = 하면 좋은 것, 또는 옳은 것. should 로 충고를 하거나 의견을 말합니다.
    • You look tired. You should go to bed.
    • The government should do more to reduce crime.
    • Should we invite Susan to the party?”  “Yes, I think we should.”
  • shouldI think / I don’t think / Do you think . . . ? 와 함께 사용하는 경우가 많습니다.
    • I think the government should do more to reduce crime.
    • I don’t think you should work so hard.
    • Do you think I should apply for this job?”  “Yes, I think you should.”
  • You shouldn’t do something = 하면 좋지 않은 것:
    • You shouldn’t believe everything you read in the newspapers.
  • shouldmust / have to 만큼 강한 의무의 표현이 아닙니다.
    • You should apologize. (= it would be a good thing to do, 하면 좋다.)
    • You must apologize. / You have to apologize. (= you have no alternative; 해야만 한다. 다른 방법이 없다.)

 § 도덕·윤리적으로 옳고 좋은 것에 대한 것과 이성·논리적으로 옳고 좋은 것에 모두 사용하는 should 의 용법입니다.


  • 옳지 않은 경우 또는 예상한 것과 다른 경우에 should 를 사용합니다.
    • I wonder where Liz is. She should be here by now. (= she isn’t here yet, and this is not normal)
    • The price on this package is wrong. It should be $1.29, not $1.59.
    • That man on the motorcycle should be wearing a helmet.
  • 일어날 것을 예상하는 경우에 should 를 사용합니다.
    • She’s been studying hard for the exam, so she should pass. (= I expect her to pass)
    • There are plenty of hotels in this city. It shouldn’t be hard to find a place to stay. (= I don’t expect it to be hard)

 § 사실과 의견이 섞여서 옳고 그름을 구별하기 어려운 경우에도 말하는 사람의 의견에 중점을 두는 표현입니다.


  • You should have done something = 하지 않았지만 했으면 좋았을 일:¹
    • You missed a great party last night. You should have come. Why didn’t you?
      (= you didn’t come, but it would have been good to come)
    • I wonder why they’re so late. They should have been here an hour ago.
  • You shouldn’t have done something = 했지만 하지 말았어야 좋았을 일:¹
    • I feel sick. I shouldn’t have eaten so much. (= I ate too much)
    • She shouldn’t have been listening to our conversation. It was private.
  • should (do) 와 should have (done) 의 비교:
    • You look tired. You should go to bed now.
    • You went to bed very late last night. You should have gone to bed earlier.

 § ¹ should [not] have (done) 은 가정법 과거완료에서 유래한 표현으로 과거의 사실과 반대입니다. 했어야 하는데 하지 않았던 것, 하지 말았어야 하는데 했던 것을 표현하고, 과거의 사실에 대한 유감·후회·아쉬움·의외 등을 표현합니다.

  D     Ought to . . .

  • should 대신에 ought to 를 사용할 수 있습니다. “ought to do” 로 to 를 사용합니다.
    • Do you think I ought to apply for this job? (= Do you think I should apply?)
    • That’s a terrible thing to say. You ought to be ashamed of yourself.
    • She’s been studying hard for the exam, so she ought to pass.

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