Unit 23 Will be doing and will have done

 미래진행형 / 미래완료형


  • 다음의 예를 보겠습니다.
    These people are standing in line to get into the stadium.
    사람들이 경기장에 들어가려고 줄을 서서 기다리고 있습니다.
    (an hour from now)
    An hour from now, the stadium will be full.
    한시간 후면 경기장은 꽉 찰 것입니다.
    Everyone will be watching the game.
    (three hours from now)
    Three hours from now, the stadium will be empty.
    3시간 후면 경기장은 텅텅 빌 것입니다.
    The game will have ended.
    Everyone will have gone home.

 § 미래의 한 시점을 기준으로 그 시점에 일어나고(진행되고) 있을 일을 표현하는 미래진행형과 완료(완결)될 일을 표현하는 미래진행형입니다.



  • I will be doing something (미래진행형) = 미래의 한 시점에 무언가를 하는 도중임을 표현합니다.
    • I’m leaving on vacation this Saturday. This time next week, I’ll be lying on a beach or swimming in the ocean.
    • You have no chance of getting the job. You’ll be wasting your time if you apply for it.
  • will be doingwill do 의 비교:
    • Don’t call me between 7 and 8. We’ll be having dinner.
    • Let’s wait for Maria to arrive, and then we’ll have dinner.
  • will be doing 과 현재진행형/과거진행형의 비교:
    • At 10:00 yesterday, Kelly was at the office. She was working. (past)
      It’s 10:00 now. She is at the office. She is working. (present)
      At 10:00 tomorrow, she will be at the office. She will be working. (future)


  미래진행형의 다른 용법

  • will be -ing 로 미래의 행동 전체를 표현할 수 있습니다.
    • The government will be making a statement about the crisis later today.
    • Will you be going away this summer?
    • Later in the program, I’ll be talking to the Minister of Education . . .
    • Our best player is injured and won’t be playing in the game on Saturday.
  • 이와 같은 경우의 will be -ing 는 (be) going to . . . 와 유사합니다.

 § Will you be -ing . . . ? 은 상대방의 계획을 묻는 표현으로, 특히 무언가를 원하는 경우, 또는 무언가를 해주기를 바라는 경우에 많이 사용합니다. 예를 들어, “Will you be using your car tonight?” 에는 차를 쓸 계획이 없으면 차를 쓰고 싶다는 뜻이 들어 있습니다.



  • will have done (미래완료형)은 미래의 한 시점 이전에 완결이 될 것을 표현합니다.
    • Sally always leaves for work at 8:30 in the morning. She won’t be home at 9:00 – she’ll have gone to work.
    • We’re late. The movie will already have started by the time we get to the theater.
  • will have done 과 현재완료형/과거완료형의 비교:
    • Ted and Amy have been married for 24 years. (present perfect)
      Next year they will have been married for 25 years. (future perfect)
      When their first child was born, they had been married for three years. (past perfect)

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