Unit 16 Have and have got

  A     Have and have got (for possession, relationships, illnesses, etc.)

  • Mary: I have a new cell phone.
    Jane: I’ve got a new cell phone, too.
  • have 또는 have got 를 의미상의 차이 없이 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • They have a new car.   or   They’ve got a new car.
    • Nancy has two sisters.   or   Nancy has got two sisters.
    • I have a headache.   or   I’ve got a headache.
    • He has a few problems.   or   He’s got a few problems.
    • Our house has a big yard.   or   Our house has got a big yard.
  • have 의 의미가 소유(possess)인 경우 진행형 (is having / are having, etc.)을 사용할 수 없습니다.
    • We’re enjoying our vacation. We have / have got a nice room in the hotel. (not We’re having)
  • 의문문과 부정문은 두가지 형태가 가능합니다.
    Do you have any questions?
    I don’t have any questions.
    Have you got any questions?
    I haven’t got any questions.
    Does she have a car?
    She doesn’t have a car.
    Has she got a car?
    She hasn’t got a car.


  • 과거형은 got 없이 had 만을 사용합니다.
    • Ann had long hair when she was a child.
  • 과거형의 부정문과 의문문은 did/didn’t 를 사용합니다.
    • Did they have a car when they were living in Miami?
    • I didn’t have a watch, so I didn’t know what time it was.
    • Ann had long hair, didn’t she?

  C     Have breakfast / have trouble / have a good time, etc.

  • have (but not have got) 동사를 사용하는 다양한 경험·행동 표현의 예:
    have breakfast / dinner / a cup of coffee / something to eat
    a party / a safe trip / a good flight
    an accident / an experience / a dream
    a look (at something)
    a conversation / a discussion / a talk (with somebody)
    trouble / difficulty / fun / a good time, etc.
    a baby (= give birth to a baby) / an operation
  • 위의 표현에서 have 대신에 have got 를 사용할 수 없습니다.¹ 비교:
    • Sometimes I have (= eat) a sandwich for lunch. (not I’ve got)  but
      I’ve got / I have some sandwiches. Would you like one?
  • 위의 표현에서 have 는 진행형 (am having, etc.)을 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • We’re enjoying our vacation. We’re having a great time. (not We have)
    • Mike is having trouble with his car. He often has trouble with his car.
  • 의문문과 부정문에서 do/does/did 를 사용합니다.
    • I don’t usually have a big breakfast. (not I usually haven’t)
    • What time does Ann have lunch? (not has Ann lunch)
    • Did you have any trouble finding a place to live?

 § ¹ 위의 표현은 have 를 소유(possess/own)의 의미로 사용하지 않은 경우이기 때문에 have got 를 사용할 수 없습니다.

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