2. 동명사 [Gerund]

동명사

동명사(動名詞)는 동사의 성질과 명사의 성질을 갖고 있음.

명사적 성질
Smoking cigarettes can cause heart diseases.
Traveling by car is a good way to see the country.
It is throwing your money away.
My hobby is playing computer games.
I've enjoyed talking to you.
He started shouting bitterly.
Thank you for answering so promptly.
Tickets for a sleeping car are double the price.
He's proud of being a lawyer.

완료형과 수동형
I am sure of his being a man of ability.
I am sure of his having been a man of ability in his youth.

I don't like being asked to make a speech.
I never heard of such a thing haivng been done.

의미상의 주어
Asking questions is not a shame.
I object to marrying her.
I object to his [him] marrying her.
I object to my son marrying her.

부정사와의 비교
Prices continue rising. = Prices continue to rise.
She remembers seeing him before.
Please remember to give my best regards to yor wife.
I finished correcting my composition.
They hope to visit us next year.

관용적 용법
There is no accounting for his prolonged absence.
It is no use your arguing with him.
I could not help pitying him.
This is the tree of my own planting.
On seeing the cop, the thief took to his heels.
It goes without saying that ships can't rival aricraft for speed.
Our flower bed needs weeding.

make a point of ~ing = make it a rule to ~
be worth ~ing = It is worthwhile to 원형 (혹은 ~ing)
be on the verge of ~ing = be about to 원형
come near (to) ~ing = nearly escape ~ing
be far from ~ing = be never ~
What do you say to ~ing? = Let's ~.