Unit 70 Adjective + to-infinitive, -ing, that-clause, wh-clause

  A

  • 형용사가 appear, be, become, seem 등의 계사 (Unit 21 참조) 다음에 나오는 경우 형용사 다음에 to-infinitive, -ing, that-clause, wh-clause 등의 여러가지 형태를 사용할 수 있습니다. (It + linking verb + adjective 에 대해서는 Section B 참조)
      adjective + example adjectives used in this pattern
    i to-infinitive
    • You’re free to leave any time you want.
    (un)able, careful, crazy, curious, difficult, easy, foolish, free, good, hard, impossible, inclined, mad, nice, prepared, ready, stupid, welcome, willing
    ii -ing
    • He was busy doing his homework.
    busy, crazy, foolish, mad, stupid; (after the verb feel) awful, awkward, bad, good, guilty, terrible
    iii that-clause
    • He became worried (that) she might leap out from behind a door.
    afraid, alarmed, amazed, angry, annoyed, ashamed, astonished, aware, concerned, disappointed, glad, (un)happy, pleased, shocked, sorry, upset, worried; certain, confident, positive, sure
    iv wh-clause
    • I’m not certain (of/ about) why he wants to borrow the money.
    afraid, not aware/unaware, not certain/uncertain, doubtful, not sure/unsure, worried
    v to-infinitive or that-clause
    • She was afraid to say anything.
    • I was afraid that I would be late.
    the adjectives in iii above, except aware, confident and positive
    vi to-infinitive or -ing
    • He’d be stupid to leave now.
    • He’d be stupid giving up the job.
    crazy, foolish, mad, stupid
    vii -ing or that-clause
    • She felt awful leaving him with all the clearing up.
    • She felt awful that she wasn’t able to help.
    (after the verb feel) awful, awkward, bad, good, guilty, terrible

  B     It + linking verb + adjective

  • subject + linking verb + adjective + to-infinitive (Units 96-97 참조) 구조 대신에 it + linking verb + adjective + to-infinitive 형태를 사용하기도 합니다. 비교:
    • She is easy to understandand  It is easy to understand her.
    • The fireworks were amazing to watchand  It was amazing to watch the fireworks.
  • 격식을 갖추지 않는 경우에 to-infinitive 대신에 -ing 를 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • It is easy understanding her.
    • It was amazing watching the fireworks.
  • 위와 같은 구조로 사용할 수 있는 형용사로는 annoying, awkward, easy, good, interesting, lovely, simple, terrific, wonderful 등이 있습니다. 형용사 + wh- 또는 that- 절의 구조를 유사한 의미로 사용할 수 있습니다. (Unit 96A 참조)
    • It is not clear why he did it.
    • It was odd that she left so suddenly.
  • 형용사와 to-infinitive 사이에 of + subject 를 사용하는 형용사들이 있습니다.
    • It was rude (of them) to criticise her. (or They were rude to criticise her.)
  • 위와 같이 of + subject 를 사용하는 형용사로는 brave, kind, mean, thoughtful, unprofessional, unreasonable 등이 있습니다.
    상황에 대한 반응을 표현하는 경우 it + make + 형용사 다음에 to-infinitive, -ing, that-clause 등을 사용합니다.
    • It made me angry (to discover) that so much money was wasted. (or It made me angry discovering that…; or I was angry to discover that…)
  • 이와 같이 사용할 수 있는 형용사로는 ashamed, furious, glad, miserable, nervous, sad, tired, uncomfortable 등이 있습니다.

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