Unit 65 Leaving out to-infinitives

  A

  • 문맥의 흐름으로 봐서 내용이 확실한 경우, to-infinitive 로 시작하는 구(句) 대신에 to 를 사용합니다.
    • I wanted to come with you, but I won’t be able to. (instead of …to come with you.)
    • ‘I can’t lend you any more money.’ ‘I’m not asking you to.’ (instead of …to lend me any more money.)
    • It might have been better if Rosa had asked for my help, but she chose not to. (instead of …chose not to ask for my help.)
  • 그러나 이전 문장이나 구(句)에서 be 동사가 사용된 경우, 다음 문장이나 구(句)에be 동사의 to-infinitive 를 대신 사용합니다.
    • Simon was frightened – or maybe he just pretended to be. (not …just pretended to.)
    • The report is very critical and is clearly intended to be. (not …clearly intended to.)

  B

  • 대부분의 명사와 형용사 다음에 나오는 to-infintive 구(句)는 생략하거나 to 로 대신할 수 있습니다.
    • I’m not going to write another book – at least I don’t have any plans (to). (or …plans to write another book.)
    • ‘Could you and Tom help me move house?’ ‘Well, I’m willing (to), and I’ll ask Tom.’
  • 이렇게 사용하는 명사와 형용사로는 chance, idea, opportunity, promise, suggestion; afraid, delighted, determined 등이 있습니다.
    agree, ask, begin, forget, promise, refuse, start, try 등의 동사 다음의 to-infinitive 를 생략하거나 to 를 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • Robert will collect us by 10 o’clock. He promised (to).
    • ‘You were supposed to buy some sugar.’ ‘Sorry, I forgot (to).’
  • 그러나 동사 중에서 동사의 의미를 확실하게 하는 목적어나 보어를 항상 필요로 하는 동사는 to 를 생략할 수 없습니다.
    • I admit that I took her watch, but I didn’t mean to.
    • ‘Please suggest changes to the plans if you want.’ ‘I intend to.’
    • Have you thought about getting vaccinated against cholera before going there? I’d certainly advise you to.
  • 이런 용법의 동사로는 afford, be able, choose, deserve, expect, fail, hate, hope, love, need, prefer 등이 있습니다.

  C

  • if- 절이나 wh- 절의 wantwould like 다음에는 to-infinitive 를 생략하거나 to 를 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • You’re welcome to dance if you’d like (to).
    • You can do whatever you would like (to).
    • Call me Fred if you want (to).
    • Come and see us when you want (to).
  • if- 절이나 wh- 절이 아닌 다른 절에서는 to 를 사용합니다.
    • I was planning to see you tomorrow, and I would still like to.
    • They offered to clean your car because they really want to, not because they hope to be paid.
  • if- 절이나 wh- 절의 like 다음에는 일반적으로 to 를 생략합니다. 비교:
    • You can have one if you like. and You can have one if you’d like (to).
    • Leave whenver you like. and Leave whenever you’d like (to).
  • 그러나 want, would like, like 의 부정형 다음에는 if- 절과 wh- 절을 포함한 모든 경우에 to 를 생략하지 않습니다.
    • ‘Shall we go and visit Julio?’ ‘I don’t really want to.
    • I should have phoned Jo last night, but it was so late when I got home I didn’t like to.
    • ‘He won’t mind you asking him for a loan.’ ‘Oh, no, I wouldn’t like to.’

  Creative Commons License
  이 저작물은 크리에이티브 커먼즈 저작자표시-비영리-변경금지 4.0 국제 라이선스에 따라 이용할 수 있습니다.