Unit 49 No, none (of) and not any

  A

  • 강조를 하기 위해 not a 또는 not any 대신에 nonone (of) 를 사용합니다.
    • There isn’t a train until tomorrow. and There’s no train until tomorrow. (more emphatic)
    • She didn’t give me any help at all. and She gave me no help at all.
    • Sorry, there isn’t any left. and Sorry there’s none left.
    • He didn’t have any of the usual symptoms. and He had none of the usual symptoms.
  • 다른 유사한 부정어들도 같은 방법으로 사용합니다.
    • There isn’t anyone/anybody here. and There’s no-one/nobody here. (more emphatic)
    • I haven’t got anything to wear for the party. and I’ve got nothing to wear for the party.
    • She wasn’t anywhere to be seen. and She was nowhere to be seen.
    • Why don’t you ever call me? and Why do you never call me?

  B

  • not a/any, not anyone 등의 not 로 시작하는 부정어를 문장이나 절의 첫 단어, 또는 andbut 그리고 that 로 시작하는 절의 첫 단어로 사용하지 않고, 대신에 no, none of, no-one 등을 사용합니다.
    • No force was needed to make them move. (not Not any force was needed…)
    • Most players are under 16 and none of them is over 20. (not …and not any of them…)
    • We arranged the meeting, but no-one came. (not …but not anyone…)
    • I’m sure that nothing can go wrong. (not …that not anything can…)

  C

  • 격식을 차리는 문체 또는 문어체에서는 문장의 맨 앞에 또는 andbut 그리고 that 로 시작하는 절의 맨 앞에 not a 를 사용할 수 있습니다. (Unit 100 참조)
    • Not a sound came from the room. (less formally There wasn’t a sound from the room.)
    • She kept so quiet that not a soul in the house knew she was there.

  D

  • no 다음에는 단수명사 또는 복수명사를 의미상 차이 없이 사용할 수 있습니다. 그러나, 단수명사를 사용하는 것이 일반적으로 격식을 차린 경우입니다.
    • No answers could be found. (or more formally No answer…)
    • We want to go to the island but there are no boats to take us. (or more formally …there is no boat.)
  • 그러나, 어떤 것 중의 하나를 예상하는 경우는 단수명사를 사용하고 두개 이상을 예상하는 경우는 복수명사를 사용합니다. 비교:
    • I phoned Sarah at home, but there was no answer. (not …but there were no answers.) and
    • He seems very lonely at school, and has no friends. (not …no friend.)

  E

  • no amount of + 불가산명사, not one/ not a single + 단수 가산명사, not one of + 복수명사 등의 형태로 no 또는 none of 를 강조할 수 있습니다.
    • The company is so badly managed that no amount of investment will make it successful.
    • It was clear that no amount of planning could have improved the situation.
    • Not one person remembered my birthday. (or Not a single person…)
    • Not one of the families affected by the noise wants to move.

  F

  • 격식을 차리지 않은 구어체에서 흔히 사용되는 관용적인 no… 표현들: No wonder (= it’s not surprising); No idea (= I don’t know); No comment (= I have nothing to say); No way, No chance (= emphatic ways of saying ‘no’, particularly to express refusal to do or believe something); No problem, No bother (= it isn’t/wasn’t difficult to do something):
    • ‘The computer’s not working again.’  ‘No wonder. It’s not plugged in!’
    • ‘Thanks for the lift.’  ‘No problem. I had to go past the station anyway.’

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