Unit 31 Verb + -ing forms and infinitives (2)

  A

  • 능동태의 문장에서 to-infinitive 앞에 목적어가 반드시 필요한 동사들이 있습니다.
    • The police warned everyone to stay inside with their windows closed. (not The police warned to stay…)
    • My teachers didn’t encourage me to work hard at school. (not My teachers didn’t encourage to work…)
  • 이런 구조를 사용하는 동사로는 advise, allow, believe, cause, command, enable, encourage, entitle, force, invite, order, persuade, remind, show, teach, tell 등이 있습니다.
    그러나, agree, consent, fail, hope, manage, offer, pretend, refuse, start, threaten, volunteer 등의 동사는 to-infinitive 앞에 목적어를 사용할 수 없습니다.
    • The shop refused to accept his cheque. (not The shop refused him to accept his cheque.)
    • We’ve decided to leave early. (not We’ve decided us to leave early.)

  B

  • apply, arrange, ask, campaign, plan, wait 등의 동사는 object + to-infinitive 앞에, 동사 바로 다음에 전치사(주로 for)를 반드시 사용해야 합니다. (Unit 29 참조)
    • We waited for the taxi to come before saying goodbye. (not We waited the taxi to come…)
    • They arranged for Jane to stay in London. (not They arranged Jane to stay…)
  • apply, ask, campaign 다음에 나오는 to-infinitve 는 수동태를 자주 사용합니다.
    • They applied for the court appearance to be postponed.
  • 다른 전치사 + object + to-infinitive:
     ☆ at + object + to-infinitive (go on (= to criticise continually), keep on (= to talk about something many times), scream, yell)
    • I shouted at the man to open the door.
  •  ☆ on + object + to-infinitive (call (= to officially ask someone to do something), count, prevail, rely)
    • We’re depending on you to find a solution soon.
  •  ☆ to + object + to-infinitive (appeal, gesture, motion)
    • He closed the door and signalled to the pilot to take off.

  C

  • 다른 형태의 to-infinitive-ing 구조 –
     ☆ verb + 부정형 to-infinitve 와 부정형 -ing 형태:
    • We decided not to go to Paris after all. (compare The people didn’t decide to go to war, it was their their political leaders.)
    • Some of my friends have considered not going to college because of the cost. (compare I haven’t considered going to college – I don’t want to go on studying after school.)
  •  ☆ verb + to have + past participle:
    • Can you hear that strange noise? It seems to happen every time I turn on the tap. and
    • The accident seems to have happened at around 1.00 p.m. yesterday.
  •   이런 형태를 사용해서 seem, appear 등의 동사로 과거의 사실에 대한 의견을 제공하거나, is/was alleged, believed, said, thought 등의 수동형 동사로 과거의 사실에 대해 말하는 것 또는 말했던 것을 전달합니다.
    • Simons is alleged to have assaulted a police officer.
  •  ☆ verb + having + past participle. verb + -ingverb + having + past participle 의 형태는 다음의 동사를 사용하는 경우 유사합니다.
    • I now regret buying the car.  and
    • I now regret having bought the car.
  •   이런 구조를 사용하는 동사로는 admit, deny, forget, recall, regret, remember 등이 있습니다.

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