Unit 14 The future seen from the past


  • 과거 시점에서의 미래를 표현하는 여러가지 방법이 있습니다. 현재 시점에서의 미래를 표현하는 동사들의 시제를 과거형으로 해서 표현할 수 있습니다. 간접화법에서 주로 사용하는 방법입니다. (Units 32-36 참조)
    The future from now… (현재) The future from the past… (과거)
    • I haven’t got much money, so I think I’ll stay at home this summer.
    • Maureen decided that she would stay at home for the summer.
    • I’m not going to say anything about the exams today, because I don’t have time.
    • I wasn’t going to say anything about the exams, but the students asked me to.
    • I’m having a meeting with my tutor tomorrow to discuss my work.
    • I couldn’t go to the match because I was having a meeting with my tutor.
    • Will you be going alone, or is Jane going with you?
    • At the time, I thought I would be going alone, but then Tom said he wanted to come.
    • The exam will have finished by 3 o’clock, so I’ll see you then.
    • The exam was so easy that most people would have finished after 30 minutes.
    • There is to be a meeting of ministers this evening.
    • It was announced that there was to be a meeting of ministers that evening.
    • When the school closes, all the teachers and children are to be moved to one nearby.
    • As she approached retirement she heard that she was to be moved to a post in a nearby school.
    • As the bell is about to go for the end of the lesson, you can pack your books away.
    • The bell was about to go when all the children started to pack their books away.
  • 과거 시점에서의 미래가 현재 시점에서도 여전히 미래인 경우, 동사의 시제를 바꾸지 않고 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • It was announced this morning that there is/was to be a statement this evening.
  • 과거 시점에서의 미래에서 언급한 일/행동이 일어났는지 모르는 경우도 있습니다.
    • I didn’t phone to give him the news because we were seeing each other later. He was very upset when I told him. (= we saw each other) and
    • We were seeing each other later that day, but I had to phone and cancel. (= we didn’t see each other)
    • They left the house at 6.00 a.m. and would reach Edinburgh some 12 hours later. (= they reached Edinburgh) and
    • He was sure that the medical tests would show that he was healthy. (= we don’t know whether he was healthy or not)


  • 실제로 일어난 일에는 was/were to + infinitive 를 사용하고, 일어날 것이라고 예상했지만 그렇지 않은 경우는 was/were to have + past participle 를 사용합니다.
    • At the time she was probably the best actor in the theatre company, but in fact some of her colleagues were to become much better known.
    • He was to find out years later that the car he had bought was stolen.
    • The boat, which was to have taken them to the island, failed to arrived.
    • There was to have been a ban on smoking in restaurants, but restaurant owners have forced the council to reconsider.
  • 일어나지 않은 일을 표현하는 경우, be supposed to 가 격식을 차리지 않은 일반적인 상황에서 더 자연스럽습니다.
    • I was supposed to help, but I was ill. (more natural than I was to have helped…)
  • was/were to + infinitive 도 사용할 수 있습니다.
    • We were to see each other that day, but I had to phone and cancel. (or We were to have seen…/We were supposed to see…)

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